Our comparison for leverage will be based on three different firms; Everglades, Kraft Heinz and Geico. Leverage can be broken down into three components; operating, financial and total. As we set recommendations and explain our expectations for these firms we have analyzed these firm’s organizations will have to acknowledge their variable/fixed cost, optimal debt and equity within the firm. Operating leverage is the relationship between the fixed cost and variable cost of a firm in the cost structure. There are two different levels of leverage that help us to understand the risk that a firm can have. Everglades is an example of a firm that has high operating leverage. This means that it has high fixed costs and the sales volume and variable …show more content…
According to the video, the firm sometimes only has one boat available in stock in the dealer. The risk is high with these type of firms because if there is no sale of the product, it can lead to loss profit. The fix costs, such as manufacturing equipment, or labor continues need to be covered even if the firm does not sell any product. Everglades is a risky firm because of its high operating leverage. To help these types of firms need to focus on the break even point where revenues will match the expenses (fixed and variable). Another company is Kraft Heinz, which has a low operating leverage. This means that fixed costs are low, and have high volume in sales and variable cost. As this company is continuously producing the products, a change of demand will not affect in a great way the profit …show more content…
With that being said Everglades should only incur the amount of debt that they are able to payback because an increase in debt comes with an increase in risk. The optimal debt level for a company should be when the debt that a company has incurred creates higher returns beyond the payments needed to repay that debt. One factor that should be considered when obtaining debt is the interest rate being paid. A company should want the lowest possible interest rate because they do not want to be paying high interest on money they already have to pay back. The Heinz Company can carry as much debt as they would like as long as their cost of capital is sufficient enough to satisfy the amount of money that needs to be returned to the providers of the capital. Some of the options Heinz has to obtain debt financing through debt capital, such as loans, and equity capital, such as the sale of stock. These options are available for all firms but most recommend having a mixture of both so that the company’s risk is spread out and that company has enough financing options available if needed for later. With Geico insurance company offering risk management services they are mainly financed by equity, such as investors. This leads them to have low levels of debt even though the company is doing well
A decreasing debt to total assets ratio shows that the business is improving at obtaining assets while using liabilities. Furthermore, both ratios are low which is very healthy and indicates that the company as great portion of assets in comparison to liabilities. Fairmount Energy has shown their ability to obtain more assets and less liabilities as the debt to total assets ratio has decreased within the year.
Ford’s impressive total asset size is $225 billion (Ford, 2015a). The fixed assets turnover ratio (FATR) illustrates the effectiveness of using fixed assets to generate sales. Ford’s average fixed asset turnover ratio for 2013-2015 is (0.33 for 2015 + 0.32 for 2014 + 0.28) / 3 = 0.31 (Ford, 2015a; Ford, 2015c). Although the number is small, one can compare Ford’s FATR with a competitor during the same period to determine which one uses their fixed assets better. GM’s average FATR for the same period was (0.28 for 2015 + 0.18 for 2014 + 0.14 for 2013) / 3 = 0.2 (GM, 2015a, GM, 2015c). Therefore, one can conclude that Ford’s usage of fixed assets was more productive than GM’s. I will give GM some credit, because of their increasing
Further, it has a high conversion of its assets to sales and consequent profit. Furthermore, investors continue to get back their money because the business is currently profitable and would increase their funding even if the ability of the company to pay debt has not been performing well. The main weaknesses include the company inability to recover debts within good time. Poor leverage ratios keeps the organization at risk of failing to get financing when it is needed without selling part of its equity. The leverage ratios are poorly performing and in some cases below the healthy threshold.
In the eyes of lenders and investors companies with higher debt ratios are considered to be more risky because it highlights the total amount of debt burden it has undertaken. This means that if there is a higher reliance on debt external parties will not invest in the company. The importance of a lower debt ratio is highlighted in Zhou (2014) paper on optimal debt ratio, Zhou (2014) links the highly publicised 2008 global financial crisis with firms and their inability to service their own debts, and they also state that excessive debt poses a significant systematic risk to the financial structure of
It is clear what Alaska’s plan to grow and reinforce its competitiveness in the market. Even though it is risky there analysis shows that with the added the rise in leverage will balance debt keeping them. One of the upsides of ratio analysis is that it permits examination over organizations, a movement which is regularly called benchmarking. And the article states the ratio is lower in contrast to “legacy carriers”.
The concept of operating leverage can explain the three percent decline in sales that caused the twenty-one percent decline in profits. Operating leverage is a measurement of the degree to which a firm incurs a combination of fixed and variable costs. Basically, operating leverage is a cost accounting formula that displays how well a company is utilizing its fixed costs to generate a profit. Managers use fixed costs as a level to achieve disproportionate changes between revenue and profitability. Furthermore, a business can have either a high or low operating level, which is influenced by either the volume of sales and contribution of margin or the proportion of fixed costs and variable costs.
The financial cost and cash flows are significantly changing by quarter after quarter. The rise in cash flows, reduce the risk of financial management as the company can easily pay the financial costs. It is observed that on the other side when there is a downfall of cash flows Company have high financial management risks. According to the correlation analysis, the value of the correlation is 0.012 which is highly insignificant as the limit of the correlation value is 0.953. So there is no relation between profit and leverage. It is also found that financial cost has a positive of correlation with profit as this correlation is verified by Pearson correlation value 0.378. By these findings, it is clear that financial risk is not an important
Financial distress which results in bankruptcy are very common for businesses in today’s economy. According to CNN Money Fortune 500, “Last year marked the highest number of billon-dollar bankruptcies ever recorded. And corporate bankruptcies have continued at an elevated clip, with about twice the number of businesses filing for bankruptcies filing for bankruptcy protection in the 12 months ending June 2010, as they did during the same span of time in 2008, 2007, or 2006.” (Roane, 2010) It is very important for every financial manager to acknowledge that bankruptcy can be a reality for any company and financial managers have to know how to prevent it. Most all companies have debts and these debts are used for financial leverage, but they have to be closely monitored by the financial manager. Many monthly debts that companies are faced with are, making monthly payments to vendors, and paying employees. It is the financial managers to manage and monitor these debts, so that the debts don’t become more than the equity. (Ross, Westerfield, & Jordan, 2010)
EABL’s weaknesses include its geographic diversity and weak operating profit margins. The geographic diversity can expose the company to areas of volatility such as market softness, which was experienced in Uganda, Tanzania and South Sudan. Uganda’s consumer purchasing power was affected by an economic slowdown; Tanzania’s beverage alcohol sector had a 25% rise in excise duty; and South Sudan’s consumer economy was impacted by a scarcity of hard currency. Furthermore, EABL’s operating profit in fiscal year of 2013 had a decrease of 19.5% compared to 2012. This is most likely due to the cost of sales increasing by 10% as the high prices of utilities, energy costs, warehousing and distribution, costs, depreciation, increased import cha...
The financing decisions should be made with a view to achieve that target capital structure set by the management of the company. After existence of a company for few years, the financial manager then has to deal with the existing capital structure. Almost every company needs funds to finance its activities continuously. Each time the funds have to be arranged, the financial manager needs to consider the advantages and disadvantages of various sources of finance and selects the best option keeping in view the target capital structure.
Corporate debt is a large topic. Within this topic there are many different advantages and disadvantages of corporate debt. One advantage of corporate debt is that it is a cheaper source of fund than equity up to a certain limit. Another advantage is it does not dilute the ownership of the company. Another advantage is that interest is tax deductible. It is an advantage that it increases the payout to equity stock holders when the company performs well. One last advantage is that it can be obtained for short term and long terms based on requirement. One disadvantage of corporate debt is that the payments of interest and principal must be made in time and the firm needs to have enough cash flow in time to manage that. Another disadvantage
A company’s capital structure can be said as optimum when the proportion of debt and equity is that resulting in maximization of return for the equity share holders is high.
Given that a firm's debt-equity ratio is used to measure the debt of a company which is relative to the value of the firm’s stock, this tool is often used to gauge the extent in which the firm takes on debts as a means of leveraging. An increase in the debt equity ratio means that a firm has been in an aggressive mode in making finances for its growth with debts. When there are aggressive leveraging practices, it means that the firm is associated with high levels of