Providing extremely fertile soil is one, if not the most important, roles the Nile River played in the life of the ancient Egyptians. By providing fertile soil, the Nile made it easy for cities and civilizations to grow alongside the banks of the river. This fertile soil comes from the annual flooding of the Nile. This replenishes the top soil with silt deposits that hold much needed nutrients for crops to grow. Ancient Egyptians developed highly complex irrigation methods to maximize the effect of the Nile waters.
Another example in document 1 is the Mekong River which helped civilizations sprout by the river provided irrigation to the crops. The next example from document 1 is the Yangtze River which helped civilizations sprout by it provided hydraulic power. Another example form document 1 is the Indus River which helped civilizations sprout by the river provides irrigation for the crops. The control/usage of the waterways give the essential’s for a civilization to start. In addition, the control/ usage of the waterways also made trade a lot easier.
Akhenaton’s short-lived reform of Egyptian religion reveres Aton as the source of all life. This is the earliest religious expression of a belief in a sole god of the universe. Akhenaton’s challenge to the power of the priests did not last beyond his own lifetime. As Greek governing power was within aristocracy, their gods were also viewed as somewhat of an aristocracy. I say this to elucidate that there is a unique relationship between a leader or ruler and his society’s god – in perception by the people, and by interaction.
Many features of civilization have evolved over time to become what one commonly thinks of as "civilized society." The development of government and writing in the classical civilization of Egypt can be credited to the reliability of the Nile River. The Nile was a source of unification and centralization in the Egyptian society, helping in the development of government and writing with the growth of surpluses. The Nile River, because of its predictable cycles, "unified and centered" the Egyptian society. Because of its predictability , the Nile "created a stable agriculture."
All three of these empires rose and fell because of geography, which demonstrates how geography truly is the mother of history. The river valley of Ancient Egypt had plentiful resources and a stable river that delivered steady supply of silt. Ancient Greece had control over the sea and land that led them to great prosperity. The Aksum empire was an economic powerhouse because of its strategic location and resources. These three prosperous societies all owed their success to one thing, geography.
Some of the world’s greatest civilizations have advanced and prospered next to the protective embrace of some of the world’s greatest rivers. The Sumerians, Hebrews, and Egyptians all prospered from the great rivers which their mighty civilizations once resided by, earning them the title of river valley civilizations. These now extinct societies were the first true civilizations of the ancient world. These civilizations prospered thanks to their riverine environments and as a result of this prosperity were able to advance skills, pursue knowledge, and develop culture. Ancient cultures such as the Sumerians, Hebrews, and Egyptians made a variety of contributions to civilization, some of which can still be seen to this very day.
The evolution of each kingdom brought them both closer together in similarities, as it did in contrasting them. The geography of Egypt and Mesopotamia had similarities to one another, but they were not identical. Both kingdoms were located by water sources that usually gift fertile soil to their land. The area of Mesopotamia contained two rivers, the Euphrates and the Tigris Rivers, which allowed the fertile land to be created (Littell 2009). The area of Egypt contained the Nile River, which had yearly floods that gifted the land with fertile land that they could use for future technologies, like farming.
Egypt had a vast civilization that lasted for a long time. However, without the Nile, there would not have been an Egypt because this civilization depended on the flooding of the Nile at particular times of the year. Egypt is located in Northern Africa which is mostly arid. The Nile provides fertile soil, freshwater, and transportation. Neolithic farmers took advantage of the fertile soil of the Nile River Valley to grow wheat and flax (used for clothing).
The waterway also provided for a means of travel. When the Nile would flood, it would fertilize the ground, then making wonderful farming soil. If there was good soil, they had more trading opportunities because the crops were better and there were more of them. The Nile also provided the Egyptians with trading routes. The people could travel to any and every other settlement via boats.
The Nile had the greatest impact on timeless civilization that originated on it in the past ages, the Nile held oldest civilization immortalized in history. Ancient Egyptians could not have survived without the Nile River, which in essence, inspired their way of living, “The country’s verdant green fields and bountiful food resources depended on the fertile soil of the Nile flood plain” (Silverman 12). In turn, many ancient