Comparing Egypt And Mesopotamian Civilizations

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Around 3000 B.C.E two civilizations in Afro-Eurasia grew from river valley based agrarian societies. These civilizations known today as Egypt and Mesopotamia set the bar for future civilizations to reach. Both civilizations flourished at nearly the same time, in some ways they followed similar paths, but in others they would differ and do things their own way. Topics that highlight the relationship between these societies are the effects the environment had on the growth of these civilizations, the emergence of a social structure, the development of social issues.
The environment that these two ground breaking societies was one of the keys to their growth. The Mesopotamian civilization was created between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers found in modern day Iraq, Kuwait, and Syria. The alluvial plain in the area was often flooded providing fertile silt to the area making things almost perfect for an agrarian society to flourish. This was similar in the Egyptian society where the Nile river does the same. However, the Nile was much more predictable and a better river to base the Egyptian society around. Reasoning behind this is that along with supplying
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These leaders would simply claim leadership to resolve conflict. This was similar in Egypt, but different as well. In Egypt instead of multiple states the society became an empire ruled by a single leader. This leader claimed divine selection and unified all the inhabitants under the pharaohs name. Things would later change in the Mesopotamian society to have single empire under one leader. This happened under Sargon of Akkad. This was the first person to unite the Mesopotamian area under one rule. Sargon however still differed from a pharaoh being that he achieved rule by merit while the pharaoh was a religious
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