The compact was crucial in the early organization of the Plymouth colony. The Pilgrims were the original group of Puritan separatist that escaped religious persecution in England and found haven in New World. The Pilgrims wanted a place where they would worship their own religion. The Pilgrims reached the New World in 1620 where they founded the Plymouth colony and structured a government based on the Mayflower Compact. The Puritans and the Pilgrims were very similar in many beliefs and practices, but the Pilgrims were a group of Puritans who wanted complete separation from the Church.
In those regions, such as the Puritan colonies in Massachusetts, did not tolerate other religions, and enforced strict rules, creating a totalitarian hierarchy headed by the church and followed by parents of oppressed children because of their constraining religion. Since then, America has been defining freedom: the Puritans established a free colony; one that was free from other religions’ prosecution. But their colony itself decided which freedoms a colonist may have, and which ones he or she may not have. Freedom was offered, but only in selected categories. Then after a few decades, the United States’ founding fathers exterminated this flaw of society by writing the Const... ... middle of paper ... ...urfacing in this decade.
By the mid 1630’s, threats to the Puritans such as Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, and Thomas Hooker were being banned from the Puritan community for their divergent beliefs. 20 years later, another problem arose with the children of church members and if they were to be granted full membership to the church. Because of these children, a Halfway Covenant was developed to make them “halfway” church members. And even more of a threat to the Puritan society was their notion that they were failing God, because of the belief that witches existed in 1692. In 1534, King Henry VIII formally instigated the English Reformation.
Laud went wrong when he tried to make church services more about doctrine and sacraments, and sought to make freewill the official doctrine of the Church. He did not stop there. He ordered that alters should be re-sited from the central places in churches to the east end of churches across the country. This essay will discuss Laud’s Arminian doctrines and his misjudgement of England’s religious mood, which led to his downfall and to the civil war. Laud’s New Religious Policies for the Church of England.
Eventually, as history shows, all of the European powers who colonized in the Americas lose their control, thus leading to independent countries. From the 1400s to the 1600s, European countries set up American colonies in the North and South colonial regions, with principles of economic opportunity and religious toleration for the benefit of the motherland, to the extent of the desires and decisions of the immigrants of America. During the 1400s, England did not tolerate any church beside the Anglican church. Catholics were persecuted and did not have religious freedom. "King Henry VIII split with the Roman Catholic Church over a question of his divorce from Catherine of Aragon.
Religion and government in England had always gone hand in hand, and if one group’s ideas did not coincide with England’s laws controlling the practice of religion they would be denied. The unification of church and state within European countries led to many wars, resulting in massive debt. As England declared themselves a Catholic country, Protestants who did not hold the same beliefs needed a new homeland where they could be free to worship in their own way. This new homeland was America, and it allowed Protestants, now calling themselves Puritans, to practice Christianity without government interference. While original settlers came to America to create a Christian homeland where they could practice their faith how they wanted, America quickly became a homeland for religious freedom through a mixing pot of differing religions, cultures, and ethnicities, enough open land for them to exist together, and the key idea of the separation of Church and State.
It developed into a government which condemned those who did not believe in the Puritan beliefs. For example, one had to believe in the Puritan religion and attend church to vote and become a member of the Puritan society. This practice further developed into a situation in which you were beaten or killed if you did not believe in the Puritan religion and remained in Puritan "Utopia" -- the exact situation which they had fled from England. Later, it would take the gathering of American thinkers to deduce what liberties were guaranteed and which were not, to avoid mistakes made by puritans and others in history. The Forefathers of the United States conjured up the Bill of Rights which illustrated which rights were endowed to the people of the United States.
Throughout the 16th century, the Protestant Reformation largely occurred across Europe. A portion of those who believed Catholicism was corrupt went on to create the Church of England (Anglican Church). This halted the majority of British exploration and settlement until later in that century. Many people then began defying the Anglican Church for Puritans believed it needed to be purified of the excess of Catholic traditions it held, while Separatists wanted to separate from the Church of England because they thought it was beyond hope. This caused the majority of the European continent to delay its exploration and settlement with the exception of Spain.
British colonists were determined to establish a truly reformed church in the early American colonies. Puritans ‘[left] England for the New World in order to worship in their own way.’ These children of the Reformation soon discovered not a ‘new’ land but an old problem, of factions within the faction. Many British colonists, such as the Puritans, fled from religious persecution by the Church of England and for this reason, early American religious culture quickly gravitated towards holding an anti-Catholic bias. John Tracy Ellis wrote that a universal anti-Catholic bias was ‘vigilantly cultivated in all the thirteen colonies from Massachusetts to Georgia’ and that Colonial charters and laws contained specific proscriptions against Roman Catholics. In 1642, the Virginia Colony enacted a law prohibit Catholic settlers, and a similar statue was enacted in 1647 by the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
The most important change that the colonies in America had to make was to become a society quite different from that in England. By 1763 although some colonies still maintained established churches, other colonies had accomplished a virtual revolution for religious toleration and separation of church and state. During the mid-1600's England was a Christian dominated nation; the colonies, however, were mainly Puritans. When Sir Edmond Andros took over a Puritan church in Boston for Anglican worship, the Puritans believed this was done to break their power and authority. The Puritan church in New England was almost entirely separated from the state, except that they taxed the residents for the church's support.