Comparing Different Ways of Supplying Water to Kenya

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ASSIGNMENT TITLE: Write a report that compares two or three different ways to supply water in this region. At the end of the report, make a recommendation of the best method of water provision.

1. Introduction

Water is one of the vital substances on earth and according to Kreger (2004)“Actually, only 1% of the world's water is usable to us. About 97% is salty seawater, and 2% is frozen in glaciers and polar ice caps. Thus that 1% of the world's water supply is a precious commodity necessary for our survival.” All humans on earth need water to survive. A human can go for weeks without food but only 5-7 days without water (Szflarski et al, 2013). When the water in your body is reduced by 1% you become thirsty. Apart from drinking it has other uses, which are cooking, washing and recreational activities. There are different sources of water, for example; surface water, which is water, that falls to the ground as rain. There are also rivers, lakes, springs, rock catchments areas and rock holes, excavated dams, bores and wells. The different geographical regions will influence all these sources.

2. Background

Kenya is located in east Africa. It is an arid and semi-arid zone, In Kenya there is a proverb “Maji ni uhai” which means, “Water is life” (Dell The University of Texas at Austin, 2012). For decades they have had problems with supplying water and according to Global Nature (2014) 12% of Kenyan households in rural areas have access to water system. The United Nations claim Kenya is one of the most ailing populations in the world. Snyder (2014) in her work states that Kenya has a population of 36.6 million and a yearly population growth of about 2.6%. A small portion of the land in Kenya is suitable for agric...

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SNYDER, S., 2014. Water crisis in Kenya [Online] The water project. Available at: http://thewaterproject.org/water-in-crisis-kenya.asp [Accessed 21 March 2014].

SZAFLARSKI. D., DEAN. R., DEAN. M., 2013. Importance of Water in the Diet [online]. Chemistry cruising. Available at: http://people.chem.duke.edu/~jds/cruise_chem/index.html. [Accessed 21 March 2014].

WASH TECHNOLOGY., 2010. Decentralised water treatment: Dutch company to launch unit in Kenya: a blog. Kenya: Multi Purpose Industries, pp.1, photo.

WATER AID., 2013. Hand-dug wells: a brief. America: Water Aid, pp.3, photo.

WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION., UNICEF., 2010. Progress on sanitation and drinking water. [online] Switzerland; WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION. Available at: http://www.wssinfo.org/fileadmin/user_upload/resources/1278061137-JMP_report_2010_en.pdf [Accessed 30 March 2014]

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