Both are powerful and rich traders and planned to stay that way. They were both the most powerful forces in the Mediterranean. Romans held military glory in the highest regard, and made military service a required part of political advancement. Carthage also held military glory highly but their military mainly consisted of mercenary soldiers rather than citizen soldiers Carthage had one of the greatest militaries of the entire world. Carthage had an extremely powerful naval fleet, and advanced war tactics.
and 146 B.C. Many people were scared of Hannibal but that didn’t stop the Romans as they won all three wars. Although Hannibal was a great general and he made a big impact on Carthage as a nation, he was no match for Rome in the Punic Wars. By the time the first war broke out, Rome had established themselves as the dominant power over the Italian peninsula. Carthage was a very powerful city-state in northern Africa and had made a name for themselves as the leading maritime leader in the world.
The Carthaginians also had great communication since they controlled the sea, the fastest way of communication at that time. The Carthaginians began a 240 year long struggle for survival with the Greeks then the Romans in the year 410 BC. It all started when the Sicily city of Segesta asked for help against its mortal Greek enemy of Selinius. Carthage, in a lightening fast campaign sacked both Selinius, and the large Greek city of Agrigento. The Carthaginians failed in their attempt to siege Syracusa.
Unfortunately, democracy didn’t last and therefore this same factor was the major contribute to the failure of the great empire. Constant warfare and victory expanded the territory and established the power of Romans. The Roman Empire gained control over the centuries using all of its advantages, however was brought down by the misuse of its government system. The biggest advantage of Romans success was the location of their establishment. Italy is divided into eastern and western sides by Apennines mountains, which to the advantage are less rocky than the ones in Greece and therefore didn’t divide people into isolated communities, instead brought them together.
How Carthage became almost the equal of Rome Carthage was founded about 100years earlier than Rome and had very fertile lands and an excellent harbor. It grew economically and politically through trading Gold from Spain, Ivory, Linen, precious stones, and other valuable minerals from different states. They had a very large number of trading vessels to load these products and carry them from pot to pot. They also had a powerful navy of warships. Like the Roman empire the Carthagean empire acquired dominion over the native races of Africa, the Lydians and the Numidians.
Carthage and Rome both were significant enough to be great rivals of the west., they both were roughly equal in strength because of their direction to expand, conquer additional territories, and control the Mediterranean. Although they were both equal in strength, Rome’s better structure and political system, and its newly built naval fleet contributed to the downfall of the once mighty Carthaginian Empire. The Roman Empire became the mistress of the Mediterranean and eventually became a world
Both empires had a major military power behind them. The differences between them were that Rome had a main land force and kept a weak navy while Carthage had a strong navy yet their land force was mercenaries who only fought for pay. “The Roman navy was traditionally considered less important, although ships were vital for the transportation of supplies and troops they have not developed an offensive naval capability.” (“Ancient Military History”). There were many battles in all three Punic Wars. The first battle happened in the First Punic War.
The first was the conquest of Italy, the conflict with Carthage and expansion into the western Mediterranean, and the involve ment with the domination of the Hellenistic kingdoms in the eastern Mediterranean. Rome's foreign success also had enormous repercussions for the internal development of the Roman Republic. All of the Roman Empire was great in many way they were the great builder between East and West . Constantinople was the medieval worlds greatest commercial center. The city was the chief entrepot for the exchange of products between east and west.
In Italy if people were not considered rich nor had any power unless people were bilingual in Greek and Latin. The imperial romans choose new emperors by their armies. The bigger army and support won imperator, and was the commander of the armies. Such imperators were known as Augustus, Caesar, and Tiberius. They used politics and brute strength to win the people over.
At the end of the third century B.C., there were two independent and strong powers existing separately at the southeast of China in Asia and at the core area of Mediterranean in Europe, the Han dynasty and Rome. They have both reached the high point of the contemporary civilizations. Also, they formed their empires by defeating their own hostile forces. There are significant differences between the two great empires in their process of birth, growth and perfection, ruling ideologies and institutions and so on. Before discovering and comparing these two civilizations, we have to enhance our understanding on the authors of these two excerpts that lead people to reveal the unknown yet attractive history of Rome and Han dynasty.