Question 3: Comparing Buddhist Nirvana with Hindu Moksha Nirvana is a word that is commonly used in Buddhism with varied meanings depending on the use. It means the state of blowing out from certain detractors in life. To “blow out” has great meaning and refers wholly to the extinguishing or dispelling of oneself from certain characters that are considered to be iniquitous. It is characterized by peace of mind and it saves man from the sufferings, the cycles of rebirth, and death. Nirvana could only be achieved by individuals who observed the laid down rules and detached themselves from sin.
The Eastern religion of Buddhism and Hinduism are often thought to be one in the same. While these two religions do in fact share some similarities, they are also very distinct from one another. One concept in particular that is common to both belief systems is enlightenment. This liberation of sorts is what Buddhist’s termed “nirvana” and what Hindu’s refer to as “moksha”. This paper will explore the concepts of enlightenment in Buddhism and Hinduism by examining their similarities and differences through ideas such as samsara, karma, reality and the “self”.
Salvation for Buddhists is enlightenment. “The danger is ignorance, and salvation lies in insight” (Kelsay 134). They have to ignore the outside danger, ignore everyone around them and focus on themselves. Once Buddhists find who they are, they are one step closer to saving themselves and reaching the blissful land of
By not going with their instincts and ending all desire for the illusion of this world, one is able to reach enlightenment and finally rest from his suffering. The Buddhists worship the Buddha and follow the four noble truths in order to reach salvation. The four noble truths are: life is suffering, all suffering is caused by ignorance of the nature of reality and the craving, attachment and grasping that result from such ignorance, suffering can be ended by overcoming ignorance, and the path to the suppression of suffering is the Eightfold Noble Path. The Eightfold Noble Path is divided into three categories: morality, wisdom, and concentration. In contrast, Hindus say, “…that thou art.” This statement means that Brahman is the same as one true self, or his Atman.
Only then has a person accomplished extinction of the Self or salvation. The aspect of the release from the cycle of rebirth is similar to the goal of a Hindu and like Hinduism; Buddhism encourages moral behavior in order to attain inner
Both Hinduism and Buddhism are concerning the suffering of individuals and try to signal a path to self-awakening for people. Both Hinduism and Buddhism believe in reincarnation, which is a natural part of the world. The final objectives, either moksha or Nirvana, are similar to each other, that is being perfectly peaceful, understanding all things, and being liberated from the chain of reincarnations. In Hinduism, common people and individuals who are born into low-rank castes would find and achieve moksha much harder than upper-castes, such as Brahimin, simply because of their base hierarchy. However, Buddhism rejects the caste system and the privileges of the Brahmin priests.
Buddhist teachings focus on the idea that letting go of attachment and accepting the four noble truths will provide everlasting happiness: Nirvana. Nihilism, as argued by William T. Stace, focuses on truth’s opposition to happiness. Truth does not equal happiness; nonetheless, truth does not stand as happiness’ adversary either. Understanding the truth of the universe allows one to finds peace within themselves, as the illusions of attachment lead to suffering. In comparing and contrasting Nihilism and Buddhism, Truth is defined differently.
However, in Buddhism enlightenment is called nirvana, and is a release from the cycle completely, not a deployment to the realm of gods. The sort of middle way between these two extremes is a belief held by Mahayana Buddhists, whom identify the Buddha in three bodies, one of which, the Ultimate Buddha underlies, the entire universe and is identified as nirvana itself (Wangu, 2002) (BUd). On this journey to moksha or nirvana, one creates karma for himself. Karma as it is understood in the modern world “what goes around comes around” is a valid way to simplify this belief of Buddhist and Hindu religion. Both define it as “deeds that determine one’s position in rebirth, or samsara”.
These... ... middle of paper ... ...hen we dive into the way religious studies perceive them, we will uncover differences, separating each by unique characteristics. Many religions believe in a transcendent dimension, separating us from earthly flaws, only obtainable through certain actions which we have already discussed. Nirvana, for Buddhists, is a transcendent destination, ending all desire and ignorance, which inevitably leads to the cessation of all suffering. During a state of nirvana, one may be considered enlightened, having ultimate knowledge and spiritual insight. The occurrence of nirvana triggers an ending of a person’s cycle of reincarnation, ending the process of constant rebirth.
While there are many similarities in both religions, they each contrast each other in many ways as well. Buddhism is a nontheistic religion, meaning that practitioners of the Buddhist religion do not recognize or worship a God. Instead, practicing Buddhists follow the teachings of a man named Siddhartha Gautama, who is more commonly known as Buddha. The term “Buddha” can be translated to mean “the awakened one”. Buddha’s followers recognize his as the enlightened teacher who would be able to help them let go of human wants, desires and ignorance to the goal of reaching a state of nirvana.