Compare And Summary Of Emile Durkheim And Karl Marx

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Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx Throughout time, sociologists have studied our social behaviors and developed theories to explain such behaviors. Two of the most well-known sociologists are Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx. One of the most important thing that they have both studied that we have examined in class is capitalism and the division of labor, and how it affects the individual and the collective. Although their ideas were different, they each presented evidence to prove their theories about this topic. Emile Durkheim, a french sociologist, philosopher, and social psychologist is considered to be one of the “fathers” of social science and sociology. He attended the University of Paris and the University of Bordeaux where he studied social…show more content…
As a college student, I work at the Kroger Deli, which is a very task-oriented job. Some days can become very busy with not only waiting on customers, but also unloading the orders that come in from the places we buy our products from, producing several different types of food, working a register, and still maintaining a clean workplace. In this sort of work environment, it is very essential to have multiple workers there to make sure the tasks get down. Basically, in our department, we have a microcosm division of labor where we all have to put in a certain amount of time and effort so that we can get a paycheck each week. Of course there are problems that come of having people work together as a collective to get things done, but most of the time it creates a sense of social belonging in way. This can depend on who is working that day and what kind of worker they are, but I believe that there are good and bad works at every work…show more content…
He worked closely with a famous german thinker, Friedrich Engels and wrote several different books and ideas about society and their findings on social topics. Marx’s ideas of capitalism and the division of labor were opposing of Durkheim’s. Being a conflict theorist, he argued that the division of labor caused several different issues that affected both the individual and the collective like recurrent crises in the economy and alienation. He said that it would create inequality between social groups because of how the system works. Marx focused on change and how changing certain aspects of society could better improve the way it works so that it is fair to everyone. According to Marx, social life originates in material life and the progress is in the transformations of material life and that change is driven by contradictions. This includes both material and intellectual life and prosperity and
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