The Nile played an important role in the life of the ancient Egyptians. It makes life in the deserts of Egypt possible. It provided drinking water, a source of irrigation for crops, and most importantly the fertile soil used to grow crops. Without the Nile River it would have been difficult for Egyptian civilizations to survive. The Nile provided the crucial resources needed by a growing civilization.
Not only did flooding help with good timing with farming, but it also provided rich soil from the flooding. The Nile River floods between June and October. After floods, there would be a fertile land along the river which Egyptians used to plant and grow things such as fruits and vegetables (Gill, p29). Flood played a big role in farming and growing crops in Egypt. On the contrary, growing crops were more difficult for M... ... middle of paper ... .... New York: Oxford UP, 2005.
Mesopotamia is defined by the Tigris and Euphrates River. Their flowing of water provided well enough nutrients to the land and the people around it. There was no regular cycle of flooding like the Nile; however, whenever there was flooding, there was massive destruction. Mesopotamia also has mountains that are unfortunately seen as one of their weaknesses. The routes along these mountains allowed for attacks and invasions on the civilizations.
Planted in this fertile soil, crops grew abundantly and allowed for the facilitation and development of surpluses. Beginning about 5000 B.C.E., farming had already been instituted along the banks of the Nile. But it wasn't until later (3200 B.C.E.) that real agricultural advances occurred. Encouraged by the stability of their farming, the Egyptians were able to develop surpluses in the area.
Mesopotamia is recognized as one of the first places where civilizations began to form. In this area, many people were exchanging their nomadic lifestyles for sedentary lifestyles, hence why Mesopotamia is commonly referred to as “The Cradle of Civilization”. The definition of Mesopotamia is the land between rivers. Ancient Mesopotamia was a section of land located in the Middle East, between the Tigris and Euphrates River. The physical geography played a large role in the blossoming of this civilization.
Even so, life in Egypt hadits risks. When the Nile? flood waters were just a few feet lower than normal, the amount of fresh silt and water for crops was greatly reduced. Thousands of people starved. When flood waters were a few feet higher than usual, the unwanted water destroyed houses, granaries, and the precious seeds that farmers needed for planting.The vast and forbidding deserts on either side of the Nile acted as natural barriers between Egypt and other lands.
In essence, without the Nile, ancient Egypt may not have existed. Rainfall is minimal in Egypt so the floods provided the only source of moisture to sustain crops. The Nile provided fishing opportunities and was an easy trade source for the ancient Egyptians. On the other hand, the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers threatened the Mesopotamian civilization. Both rivers frequently caused destructive floods, overwhelming villages and cities that killed its people and livestock.
Agriculture and Food Production in the Old Kingdom Egypt Agriculture and food production are quite literally the skills that feed a civilization. Old Kingdom Egypt excelled in this area. Egypt’s high success in agriculture was due to many things, ranging from a near constant climate, to the Nile and its annual inundations causing the land to be inexhaustible, to Egypt’s vast amount of other natural resources. This paper will only give a general overview of the more popular resources yielded by agriculture and food production in Old Kingdom Egypt. The Nile is of particular importance, as it was the source of life in Egypt.
Comparing Mesopotamia and Egypt Before the beginning of history, people from across the land gradually developed numerous cultures, each unique in some ways while the same time having features in common. Mesopotamia and Egypt are important to the history of the world because of religious, social, political and economic development. Mesopotamia was the first civilization, which was around 3000 B.C., and all other countries evolved from it. Mesopotamia emerged from the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. The soil was rich and agriculture was plentiful.
The Nile had the greatest impact on timeless civilization that originated on it in the past ages, the Nile held oldest civilization immortalized in history. Ancient Egyptians could not have survived without the Nile River, which in essence, inspired their way of living, “The country’s verdant green fields and bountiful food resources depended on the fertile soil of the Nile flood plain” (Silverman 12). In turn, many ancient