Compare And Contrast Weber And Marx

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Although there have been a lot of differences to both the work of Weber and Marx, Marx 's theory is similar to Weber 's in that, while he does not dedicate himself to the historical circumstances which have led to capitalism he does, like Weber, attempt to Understand and come to terms how modern capitalism has arisen from the capitalism which Preceded it. Marx 's analysis of capitalism is extremely historical in nature. He debates the Alienated state of modern man via an historical materialistic analysis, Theorizing that, throughout history, “Marx describes, for instance, the polarization of proletariat, bourgeoisie, and petty bourgeoisie into two distinct groups of workers and capitalists. Under a capitalistic system, the distinction between…show more content…
Weber thought Marx had disregarded the application of such categorisation because of his exclusive attention to the productive domain. In contrast to classes, which may or may not be communal groupings, status groups are normally communities, which are held together by notions of proper life-styles and by the social esteem and honor accorded to them by others. Linked with this are expectations of restrictions on social intercourse with those not belonging to the circle and assumed social distance toward inferiors. In this typology we again find Weber 's sociological notion of a social category as dependent on the definition that others give to social relationships. A status group can exist only to the extent that others accord its members prestige or degrading, which removes them from the rest of social actors and establishes the necessary social distance between "them" and…show more content…
While at times status as well as class groupings may conflict, at others their members may accept fairly stable patterns of subordination and super ordination. With this twofold classification of social stratification, Weber lays the groundwork for an understanding of pluralistic forms of social conflict in modern society and helps to explain why only in rare cases are such societies polarized into the opposing camps of the "haves" and the "have-nots." He has done much to explain why Marx 's exclusively class-centered scheme failed to predict correctly the shape of things to come in modern pluralistic societies.” (Social school of Science ,
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