Compare And Contrast The Patriarchy And The Aeneid

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The Odyssey and The Aeneid are epic poems that focus on the aftermath of the Trojan War. One deals with the Greek hero, Odysseus and the other deals with the Trojan hero, Aeneas. Greek and Roman culture revolve around a patriarchal society. A patriarchal society implicates males hold primary power and predominate roles in leadership, social privilege and that they have control over any property. They also have authority over women and children. The Odyssey and The Aeneid depict women in a stereotypical way but each one has their own difference. The Odyssey is about Odysseus’ journey home after defeating the Trojans in the Trojan War. His voyage home is extended to ten years due to his insolence against the gods. His wife, Penelope, is waiting for his arrival back on Ithaca. If Odysseus does not return, she is to marry when Telemachus becomes a man. She is the definition of a faithful wife for she avoids making a decision to remarry. Her delaying tactics make her sly and artful for she devises creative ways to avoid marriage. One of such is to “weave” her husband’s burial shroud, “Then in the daytime would she weave at the great web, but in the night unravel, after her torch was set. Thus for three years she hid her craft and cheated the Achaeans,” (Homer 14).…show more content…
When Odysseus arrives, she comments that she has not seen a man in over 100 years. She keeps him captive for 7 years in hopes that he will eventually marry her. She is egocentric and likes to think that letting Odysseus go was her idea. She releases him when Hermes gives her a message from Zeus. Although she is self centered with keeping Odysseus, she also promotes early advocacy for women sexual equality. It is seen unjust for a goddess to have sexual relations with a mortal man. She told Hermes, “‘Hard are you gods and envious beyond all to grudge that goddesses should mate with men and take without disguise mortals for lovers,’” (Homer
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