Compare And Contrast Narrative Therapy And Reality Therapy

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In the rich and diverse field of counselling there are several different theories and techniques which counsellors have at their disposal to cater to the needs of their clients. Every theory contains different methods that are meant to create and build a therapeutic bond with the client. New counselling methods are being discovered every day, being derived from nsubjects such as physical activity, arts, technology, as well as social interactions. The two forms of therapy I have decided to analyze and compare are narrative therapy and reality therapy. From the outset, both these counselling methods seems quite similar with regards to their approach when working with clients, however, when one looks deeper into each method we find differences…show more content…
Firstly, the main goal of both methods is to reconnect their client back into a healthier mental state. When we lose touch with our connection to either our self or with others, we find ourselves unhappy and in turn affecting our mental health. For example, when we go through a very difficult time in our life where we experience some form of trauma, we may go through a phase where we feel as though we are not the same person we were before that event. Many people become less committed or see change in their habits, interests, goals, ideas and hobbies, all which help constitute who they are as a person. This in turn causes one to feel lost, empty and confused with who they are, leading to a new sense of despair. When one is in this state, either counselling technique can be used to guide and support this person in order to see them out of the adversity. Secondly, both methods look not to transform the client, rather change the perspective in which they see their problem. The way in which narrative and reality therapy do so is by externalizing the problem so that the client is able to see more “outside the box” with regards to their situation. Narrative therapy attempts to distance the client from the issue, and reality therapy looks to the clients relationships outside of their relationship with their self. This allows for them to experience and interpret different…show more content…
Firstly, the methods interpret the reason for the client’s difficult situation differently, one being due to relationships the other due to perspective. Secondly, the way in which the techniques attempt to fulfill the client are in different areas, with one being more about reconnecting with others and the other being reconnecting with oneself. Reality therapy identifies the reason for the client’s issues stems from their principle belief, which is that all the problems we face as humans are derived from unsatisfying relationships. In an issue from the International Journal of Choice Theory and Reality Therapy highlights this “Humans are social animals. Even the most stoic individuals desire interaction, community and love. Almost everyone becomes close to others and it is the management of their relationships that determines healthy or unhealthy functioning.” (Julan 2015) Narrative therapy focuses on the story regarding how the client ended up in this position, and how the counsellor can change the client’s way of realizing that there are positives to derive among the negatives. Martin Payne narrates this further in his journal article “People tell stories to make sense of their experience and they find meaning by telling the story to others. Life stories are continuously modified by experience and by the reaction of each listener. The reaction of a listening doctor
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