As a result, nationalism and liberalism want people to live together in harmony. Also, nationalists were ignited with an inner spirit and the belief that their state was the best. "Most nationalists were liberals who viewed the struggle for unification and freedom from foreign oppression as an extension of the struggle for individual rights. Few liberals recognized that nationalism was a potentially dangerous force that could threaten liberal ideals of freedom and equality." (Sources of the Western Tradition, p.141) Hence, both liberals and nationalists were fighting for equal individual rights of man.
While conservatives want to keep the constitution the way it is. Modern liberals support a large government that provides benefits to people who normally wouldn 't have; like health care and extra assistance. In addition, they tend to support most amendments like gun control, due to process of law or right to a fair trial. On the other hand, conservatives support a limited government that only provides necessary things like schools. Although, with alI the good things that liberalist defend for, I also think there should be a measure into how much of liberty a certain right should have.
To liberalists, economic freedom is more important than economic equality. Socialists believe that citizens are best served by policies focused on meeting the basic needs of the entire society rather than an individual. All citizens should work equally as hard and put in equal contributions. The goal is equality. While liberalists and socialists have the same intentions of creating the best nations, that are peaceful and prosperous, they have very different views and approaches on how to create said nations.
Conservative policies generally emphasize empowerment of the individual to solve problems. Conservatives seek to stop the growing entitlement programs, encourage individual responsibility, and look to return constitutionally mandated power to the states. Conservatism sees a nation of people capable of solving their own problems with minimal government help, as long as the people are free. Liberals, on the other hand, are described as being favorable to progress or reform, as in political or religious affairs. Liberals believe in government action to achieve equal opportunity and equality for all.
The fact that federal regulation of the economy was conservative in its effect in preserving existing power and economic relations in society shows that federal regulation in the economy was conservative as well. Through the many antitrust acts and various economic and social policies, the Progressive Era ultimately operated on the assumption that the general welfare of the community could be best served by satisfying the concrete needs of business. The big business and business leaders influenced the regulation and the government worked for the people, promoting competition and decentralization. Hence, the Progressive movement served to preserve original goals, not reform society with Liberalism.
In understanding both ideologies, it is imperative to have an understanding of classical liberalism. Classical liberalism was built on ideas from the seventeenth ... ... middle of paper ... ...ould harm it, while conservatives tend to oppose things such as the Clean Air Act for monetary reasons. Conservatives tend to support smaller government while liberals tend to want a larger government. Even though there are many differences between the two ideologies they both derived from classical liberalism. Some individuals refer to classical liberalism as the “best of both worlds” ideology.
The only difference is that social values can be based on religious and moral grounds rather than pure political ideals like the size and function of the government or the economy. While there are endless examples that can be used to show the fundamental differences between liberals and conservative they can all be summed up rather simply. liberal prefer a larger, more involved government that is based on equality and change while conservative prefer a smaller, less involved government that is based on individual responsibility and personal freedom. These differences in the political views of our nation have caused polarization of the government and have divided the nation.
All liberals agree that the state is necessarily a coercive power and therefore ought to be minimised lest it encroach on individual freedom, one of the key values in liberalism. However, liberals were also the first to seek a justification for the state on rational grounds, such as through consent theory, their predecessors having generally accepted the state as divinely ordained. This shows that the state is clearly not something to be completely opposed, as it is for anarchists, but rather is seen as necessary to perform certain functions. While liberals do not tend to believe human nature to be flawed, as conservatives do, they do believe that human self-interest needs to be tamed in order to protect us from one another and maintain law
In tory society tradition rules; taking the group's well being rather than the individual is primary. Somewhere in the middle we have the liberals (some bleeding hearts, some not so much). Reason, rationality, logic, and thought are the theoretical source of legitimacy of the liberal. They believe that logic and intellect are infallible guides to action. Individualism is fundamental to the culture.
First of all it ensures public accountability. This gives the people a degree of protection against governments becoming too strong. Liberals believe in limited government, and democracy provides this system, as the government is accountable to the people. Although most liberals would agree that government is essential in order to defend the rights of the people, it can also be seen as a threat to individual liberty, so people need some form of protection against it. According to John Stuart Mill, ‘the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilised community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others’.