Compare And Contrast James Madison And The Federalist Paper

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James Madison and the Federalist Papers In the late 1700s, it was apparent that the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation did not establish the type of government needed to keep the nation together as a nation-state. The American people needed to find a more effective way to govern themselves and this was no easy feat. Most Americans had varying political thoughts in the 18th century. The challenge because how to best take care of the masses in a fair and equitable way. In May 1787, a group of delegated appointed by the state governments met in Philadelphia for The Constitutional Convention. This group decided they could not revise the Articles of Confederation and decided to create a reasonable national system. This…show more content…
Both philosophers believed political organizations were a natural part of society that was there to instill virtues. Locke believed in the right to private property and that government was needed to create laws that protected these rights. (Text Page 9) They also believed that conflict was a normal part of human nature and that the government was there to solve these conflicts. Madison agreed with these English philosophers that based on human nature, there have to be controls in place to prevent the abuse of government. Based on this belief, he also wrote The Federalist 51 essay. In this writing, he said that man’s interest should be connected to constitutional rights. An excerpt from this essay states: “If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself. A dependence on the people is, no doubt, the primary control on the government; but experience has taught mankind the necessity of auxiliary precautions.” (Text p.
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