Compare And Contrast Classical Criminology And The Enlightenment Period

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The Classical School was developed between the 1700- 1800 in which criminologist gave their point of view. The Classical School had ties to the enlightenment period, and crime was a result of free will and people making their own choices. This is based on the calculations of the cost and benefits. The incident of crime can be reduced through effective punishment. The way is through when it yields the rewards to be derived from crime commission. The enlightenment period fueled social change, and provide people the free will to think for themselves This help them to reexamine of existing doctrines of human behavior through the perspective of rationalism. The Enlightenment period showed that people had control over their own life, and crime…show more content…
Positivism Is apart of the Neoclassical period in which crime is studied through a scientific technique. Hard determinism is the belief that individuals have no control over crime. Also, people was encouraged to make rational choice instead of choosing a life of crime. Lawrence Cohen and Marcus Felson contributed to the routine activities theory. The routine activities theory is apart of the Rational choice theory which is apart of the Neoclassical criminology, but it mirror the Classical criminology period. Rational choice theory mirrors the Classical Criminology period in that this theory believe that criminal make conscious and rational choices. Lawrence Cohen and Marcus Felson said a person lifestyle contributed to the amount of space an object will take up and the type of crime found in any society. The routine activities theory claim that crime occur when an offender that is motivated and a target that is suitable comes together in the without a capable guardian. A capable guardian is one who do not encourage crime, and the person who has taken steps to prevent crime is less likely to be victimize.The risk of victimization varies between the circumstances and location in which property and people is placed. Another, Theory in the Neoclassical period is Situational choice theory which is apart of rational choice theory. This theory views criminal behavior as an activity of choices and decisions formed in situational constraints and favorable time. Ronald V. Clarke and Derek B. Cornish came together to form the situational choice perspective. The situational choice perspective analyzed the structured choice properties of a probable criminal situation. This is defined as attached a to particular kinds of crime is the constellation of opportunities, costs, and benefits. Clarke and Cornish expressed indirectly deploy situational strategies to make less high the likelihood of criminal