If one loves God, then one must be obedient to His will. Morality is based on the commands and ever unchanging character of God and if God did not exist then so it would be the same with morality. Following the will of God is not only to the benefit of oneself but often to the benefit of others because it is good. God is knowledgeable, strategic, just and wise in addition to having the comprehension of what is best for every individual person. I choose to follow God’s will because it is right, not because I always enjoy the outcomes, but rather because I know that it is for the better.
Even in a religious base, a person still must apply critical reasoning to various situations to determining the moral course of action. In this religiously based motivation goes beyond a simple inclination. Reasoning based in religious incentive is demonstrated by Sir Thomas More, who while acknowledging that he didn't know what God wanted, used his best understanding of God through his conscience to strive for the most moral outcome. While not the only way for common values to be reached, religion and the idea of the judgment of a transcendental authority has provided a strong incentive for many people in a society to reach a common set of values which facilitate the functioning of a cohesive society.
The Republic of Plato states, “It is of this ‘Human Good’ that Plato first speaks as the most important object of knowledge,” (VI. 501). According to Plato, the form of good is the foundation to an understanding of everything within a reality, making it the most important. Plato also relates the sun to an understanding of reality similar to The Bhagavad-Gita as stated earlier. The Republic states, “It was the sun…the same relation to vision and visible things as that which the Good itself bears in the intelligible world to intelligence,” (VI.
As Mortimer puts it, things are right “because God commands it”(Mortimer 3). The value of right and wrong come from the words of God, not because they are intrinsically good themselves. If morals were intrinsically good or bad without God, then they would have had to exist before God. This would not hold up with the Divine Command Theory because in paragraph 3, Mortimer conveys that God was to exist first and is the source and creator of all. Creation of everything would include both moral truths and their morality.
“Remember that it is not you who supports the root, but the root supports you…” (The Holy Bible NIV). Plato and Thrasymachus have polar opposite philosophies about morals and justice. Both philosophers deliberated heavily about how individuals should ethically and morally behave. Adopting a moral code achieves harmony in one’s soul and secures over all well-being. Plato was a dominant moral philosopher in the ancient world.
The way in which we can know the objects of reality is very important for Plato. Much like his concept of metaphysics, Plato breaks down his concept of epistemology into two categories: Knowledge and Belief. According to Plato, knowledge is always true and justifiable while belief can be true or false and can be a matter based on persuasion. Plato uses his Allegory of the Cave to introduce these distinctions of knowledge and belief. Plato's concept of the soul also takes on a multi-pronged approach.
Newman maintains that the conscience is God informing the individual as to how they should behave and thus, in a sense, 'tells us about the nature of God's existence.' Martin Luther also believes that wisdom is revealed through the word of God. St. Thomas Aquinas offers an alternative view, asserting that in 'the mind of man making moral judgements' wisdom is revealed in nature. Such forms the basis of the ethical theory Natural Law. However, Aquinas reflects Augustine's idea of an epistemological handicap, holding that something is good if it fits its purpose, but sin taints o... ... middle of paper ... ...authority.
A miracle is not an act based purely on a violation of natural law, but an act of God’s law and his true existence. And if man is to find his true purpose of his existence and fulfilling his life, he must adopt faith and reason. I feel that Faith and reason are correlated in many aspects, and are vital to one another. Reason precedes faith in the process of knowing God’s existence and reigning power; although one cannot truly know the reasoning of something to be known without knowledge first. Faith is built on spirituality surrounding one’s cultural beliefs, behaviors, and ... ... middle of paper ... ... Our faith as Christians should be in the ability to hold firmly and trust in the revelation of God’s word.
(“Ontological”) It shows that there is existence of God that is impeccable in every way, but it does not demonstrate much about the relationship of God and us. The rest of this argument shows us less about what God is and his attributes but how he relates to us. (“Existence...”... ... middle of paper ... ...things. That is the paramount point. It seems most plausible that moral conscience is the voice of God within the soul, because moral value subsists only on the caliber of persons, minds and wills.
Anslem is a philosopher who used the ontological way of thinking to explain God's existence. The ontological thought process shows the existence and being of a thing. Anselm's argument is that God is "this being that so truly exists that it cannot be even thought not to exist" (p. 860). The thoughts and ideas that are in your mind correspond to what exists. However, if you think about things that don't exist it is not as good.