Comparative Analysis of Indonesia and Laos

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The central theme of this report will evaluate the health systems of two developing nations in Southeast Asia. The two nations that have been studied are Indonesia and Laos. The Republic of Indonesia is a developing nation, the fourth largest country in the world by population and the world’s third-largest democracy. The nation faces challenges with improving their health system and the health of their people. The second nation Laos is known as the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), a Marxist-Leninist state ruled by the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party (LPRP). Laos a low-income nation has endured social and economic transformations since the introduction of market-based economic reforms in 1986 however despite economic growth health system development has dwindled. The political issue of healthcare policy in developing nations is complicated by a lack of resources available to existing governments, poverty and corruption which can further complicate matters. The Health policies of both these nations will be discussed after looking firstly at the history of both nations. Indonesia claimed independence in 1945 from the Dutch Empire. This marked the start of the diplomatic and armed Indonesian National Revolution. The revolution saw forces fighting for their independence against the Dutch who didn’t formally accept Indonesia’s Independence until December 27, 1949. The Dutch government in 2005 recently accepted the correct year and date of Independence as August 27, 1945 after expressing regret over military actions of the past. (The Jakarta Post, Jakarta, 2005) The Republic of Indonesia the world is familiar with today went through several stages before becoming the nation-state that the world knows presently. According to... ... middle of paper ... ...is willing to commit more of their GDP to the health of their nation. This is reflected further with the annual percentage growth change. Between 2004 and 2012 Laos percentage of GDP change was 6.4% in 2005 and 8.4% in 2012, compared with Indonesia that rate that’s growth was 6.3% in 2004 and 6.5% at its strongest in 2011. (World Bank, 2012) From the world development indicators discussed it’s revealed Laos has stronger growth in their economy, which may be why recentralization has proven more successful for managing a smaller population. On the other hand if the health of each nation is analysed, Indonesia clearly has better success. For example, the life expectancy at birth in Indonesia is 71.9 years compared with 63.14 years in Laos and the infant mortality rate in Indonesia is 26.06 deaths per 1000 births compared with 56.13 in Laos. (CIA World Factbook, 2011)

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