Community Service and Service Learning Defined:

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Community Service and Service Learning Defined: To compare community service and service learning it is necessary that each are defined. Community service is defined in the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary as, “work that people do to help other people without payment, and which young criminals whose crime was not was not serious enough for them to be put in prison are forced to do”(Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary 2004). Community service is simply as it is defined work done for free, that carries along with it a slave labor tone. Service learning on the other hand is defined as, “service component involves some form of meaningful community activity, ranging from tutoring underprivileged children to cleaning up dump sites. The learning component involves applying knowledge from the classroom to the service activities and reflecting on how the two fit”(Mettetal & Bryant 1996). Community Service: Community service has been around since the existence of communities because communities often cannot exist with out the participation of their members. As stated before, community service began to be required in school systems in 1997 in Maryland. According to Kate McPpherson, director of Project Service Leadership in Vancover, WA, community service “… emphasizes the habits and skills of volunteerism” (McPherson 2002). While community service sounds good and beneficial for strengthening skills and membership in the community, it was met with poor results and strong opinions against its requirements. Simply requiring students to fulfill a certain amount of community service hours wasn’t enough, many students did not cooperate. It was found that incorporating community service activities into a class room sett... ... middle of paper ... ...points of community service. This article is useful for one who is trying to argue that service learning is superior to community service. Newspaper: Haddad, A. (1997 December 24). Students follow mission to the letter; Eighth-graders trading letters, e-mail with crew of aircraft carrier Nimitz. The Baltimore Sun, p. 3B. Retrieved April 27, 2004 from ProQuest database. The purpose of the article is to simply inform about a middle school’s service learning project and its effectiveness. Orem, D. (1999 July 4). Lessons From Service Learning. The Washington Post, Pg.B.06. Retrieved May 3, 2004 from ProQuest database. This article is a letter to the editor from Donna Orem, the Vice President of Educational leadership in the National Association of Independent Schools and her purpose for writing this letter is to stress the importance of service learning.

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