Communism and its Impact on the Postwar World

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Ted Grant was one of the leading Western Trotskyist theorists for decades, and many of his predictions about the Soviet Union, China and the revolutions in the developing world turned out to be remarkably prescient. Even though, Trotskyism lacked a mass party of working class base in any country. In reality, Stalinism was a counterrevolutionary movement that suppressed the masses and even the Communist Parties in favor of a bureaucratic police state. Stalin’s Russia was a “military police-state” that offered a “ready-made Bonapartist model” to underdeveloped countries like China, Cuba, Algeria, Burma, Vietnam and many others, but it was not Marxist since none of these regime sand ruling parties were based on mass revolutionary movements of the working class (Grant 1964). It was similar to fascism in many ways, except that the economy was nationalized by the state, while Grant regarded fascism as the “naked weapon of capitalist class rule” (Grant 1948). Both Stalinism and fascism destroyed all independent labor unions and working class parties, though, and represented a mentality for which there was always a great deal of sympathy in the military, police and bureaucracies of all capitalist states (Grant 1948). Grant predicated that the Soviet satellite regimes in Eastern Europe and other areas would eventually collapse for lack of popular support, and that the Chinese Stalinists would end up taking the capitalist road of economic development and indeed both did occur in the 1980s and 1990s. At the same time, he also insisted capitalism would eventually face another crisis like the 1930s, and this would lead to a revival of real mass revolutionary movements in the West. So far, though, this has not happened. He was also corr... ... middle of paper ... ...ion’ was therefore a “counterfeit of Marxism” ruled by a bureaucratic police state than administered the nationalized industries (Grant 1964). Chinese Stalinism, like the Russian and Yugoslav varieties, was also highly nationalistic, and therefore prone to split into national Stalinism. As in all developing countries, the state was also forced to cope with a variety of difficult problems at the same time, such as the “national revolution, the agrarian revolution, the liquidation of feudal and pre-feudal survivals” (Grant 1964). Works Cited Grant, Ted, and John Pickard. The Unbroken Thread. London: Fortress, 1989. North, Robert C. “The Sino-Soviet Alliance.” The China Quarterly, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 1960): pp. 51-60. “What Collapsed in the Soviet Union?” D. N. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 28, No. 45 (Nov. 6, 1993): 2443-2444.

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