It is a trickling effect that starts with the class struggle and moves up to the state and eventually creates a revolution. All of these components begin with the inequalities that the classes share. Marxism is a theory that is trying to move into a classless society so that everybody is on an equal level and that shows how the problem ... ... middle of paper ... ...nic and look for ways out. The people who are in control of steering where the revolution goes have to deal with the people in panic, as well as watching how the state reacts back to the crisis. In all the main point Theda Skocpol used for a social uprising is Marxism's class struggle.
The idea of a society based on common ownership of property and wealth stretches far back in Western thought. In its modern form, communism grew out of the socialist movement of 19th-century Europe. At that time, Europe was undergoing rapid industrialization and social change. As the Industrial Revolution advanced, socialist critics blamed capitalism for creating a new class of poor, urban factory workers who labored under harsh conditions, and for widening the gulf between rich and poor. Foremost among these critics were the German philosopher Karl Marx and his associate Friedrich Engels.
Discussion on Whether Stalin Was a Necessary Evil Marxism was a doctrine formulated by Karl Marx about the elimination of economic inequality and class conflicts. According to Marxism social and political relationships depend on economic factors because whichever group in society controls the "means of production" also has political control. Marx believed that historical change was a series of stages that were influenced by economic forces and that each stage had to be completed before the next could begin. In a classes and stateless society, co-operation will replace competition and this final and perfect stage of human history would be communism. In Russia the government was essentially feudal, the majority of the population were peasants, and capitalism was in its infancy.
This info... ... middle of paper ... ...der. What was touched on earlier but never explained was Gorbachev's necessary action to phase out the Communist Party. By taking the economic and political reforms Gorbachev did, the Communist Party no longer could operate as they once did. Gorbachev came from the Communist Party and was elected as the one who could lead the Soviet Union from there. With the Communist Party reduced to shambles because of the political reform, Gorbachev could not be the one to lead the Soviet Union after this political landfall.
Communists believed that private property was the root of class struggle. Communists felt that ownership of property and the means of production allowed owners to be oppressive and to control employee wages, product pricing, and lives of the workers. To eliminate this problem, means of production should be government owned. Communists, Marx stated, were to lead society into its new era. Marx stated that following a revolution the proletariat would seize control of both the social and economic world.
In that year a ... ... middle of paper ... ...lies had been defeated (Farah, 582). Communism had now been established and Russia had become a socialist country. Russia was also given a new name: The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. This in theory meant that the means of production was in the hands of the state. The state, in turn, would build the future, classless society.
The economy is the most significant aspect of every government. The soviet economy was highly centralized with a “command economy” (p.1. fsmitha.com), which had been broken down due to its complexity and centrally controlled with corruption involved in it. A strong government needs a strong economy to maintain its power and influence, but in this case the economic planning of the Soviet Union was just not working, which had an influence in other communist nations in Eastern Europe as they declined to collapse. The economic stagnation led to the frustration of the workers because of low payments, bad working conditions, inefficiency, corruption and any lack of incentive to do good work.
Marx’s ideals of communism were drawn from the realization that the cycle of revolutions caused by the class struggles throughout history lead society nowhere. Society as a whole was more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes that were directly facing each other—bourgeoisie and proletariat. According to Marx, in order for society to further itself a mass proletarian revolution would have to occur. The bourgeois, who were the employers and owners of the means of production, composed the majority of the modern capitalists. It was these individuals that controlled the capitalist society by exploiting the labor provided by the proletariats.
This caused communism to have a bad image and most of the people disliked it as they saw the riches and wealth of the west in contrast to their rags. The war in Afghanistantook a large chunk out of their budget ($8 billion a year) and this left them very short handed and unable to economically hold the Soviet Empire together. The freedom to do what they wanted appealed to the people as the Stalinist regime was fresh in their minds. The saw a glimpse of hope to experience democracy as in October 1983, the US troops over throw the regime in Grenada. This further instigated the people with feelings of hate against the communist system.
The USSR became a past chapter of history because it was impossible to significantly reform the administrative command system without destroying its very core, and because Gorbachev's "democratic socialism" was unattainable without abandoning the very notion of Soviet socialism itself. As R. Strayer had pointed out in Why Did the Soviet Union Collapse?, the USSR was held together under Communist rule with "a mixture of ideological illusion and raw coercion" (Strayer, 36). The Gorbachev era saw both of these two bases of the party-state's power falling apart. By the mid-1980s, urbanization and higher education had transformed the Soviet society from a relatively homogenous one into one that was considerably diverse with a sizable middle-class. Educated and exposed to Western culture, the professionals and the white collars were far more likely to understand the Soviet Union's weaknesses and the system's fallacies than their counterparts decades ago.