1. Communism: Communism is a political theory which was originally developed by Karl Marx. Communism is advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs. After the revolution, when Nicholas II was overthrown, communism was used for the first time to rule Russia (“Soviet Government”). 2.
I Introduction Communism: A theory and system of social and political organization that was a major force in world politics for much of the 20th century. As a political movement, communism sought to overthrow capitalism through a workers’ revolution and establish a system in which property is owned by the community as a whole rather than by individuals. In theory, communism would create a classless society of abundance and freedom, in which all people enjoy equal social and economic status. In practice, communist regimes have taken the form of coercive, authoritarian governments that cared little for the plight of the working class and sought above all else to preserve their own hold on power. The idea of a society based on common ownership of property and wealth stretches far back in Western thought.
One of many Soviet leaders that changed the path the country was taking. Vladimir Lenin was the political leader after the successful Bolshevik Revolution In 1917. Lenin did many things that changed the path of Russia, renamed the Soviet Union after he seized power in 1917. Lenin was the grand mastermind behind the Bolshevik party and he led the revolution that allowed him to seize power and in turn create a communist state. Lenin then proceeded to create the "New Economic Policy" that led The Soviet Union into an economic uprising, allowing individual businesses to price their own goods and services, also known as capitalism (http://www.bbc.co.uk).
The Russian Revolutions of 1917 led to the riddance of the czarist Russia as well as the ushering in of the socialistic Russia. The first of the two revolutions forced Nicolas II to abdicate his throne to a provisional government. Lenin headed the second of the two revolutions in which he overthrew the provisional government. Over the next few years, Russia went through a traumatic time of civil war and turmoil. The Bolsheviks’ Red Army fought the white army of farmers, etc.
Lenin's Contribution to Marxism up to 1905 and the Consequences Karl Marx was a German philosopher who wrote the Communist Manifesto, which encouraged workers to unite and seize power by revolution. His views became known as Marxism and influenced the thinking of socialists throughout Europe in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Marx believed that history was evolving in a series of stages towards a perfect state - Communism. These stages started with Feudalism - with the aristocrats controlling politics. Next would come Capitalism - with the bourgeoisie in control of politics.
Autocracy in Russia came to an end in March 1917 when the tsar abdicated. Another ideology present in 1905 and 1917 was the ideology of Karl Marx, whose ideologies are summarized in source 1. His ideology was published in his texts The Communist Manifesto (1847) and Das Kapital (1873), and came to be known as Marxism. Marxism, especially in 1917, gained support through the organizations built around Marxism's ideologies. Autocracy and Marxism were both issues in both revolutions to a strong extent: autocracy was fighting to survive, Marxism was fighting for leadership.
Capitalism Unless we accept the claim that Lenin's coup that gave birth to an entirely new state, and indeed to a new era in the history of mankind, we must recognize in today's Soviet Union the old empire of the Russians -- the only empire that survived into the mid 1980s (Luttwak, 1). In their Communist Manifesto of 1848, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels applied the term communism to a final stage of socialism in which all class differences would disappear and humankind would live in harmony. Marx and Engels claimed to have discovered a scientific approach to socialism based on the laws of history. They declared that the course of history was determined by the clash of opposing forces rooted in the economic system and the ownership of property. Just as the feudal system had given way to capitalism, so in time capitalism would give way to socialism.
Through following primarily in the footsteps of Karl Marx, Lenin was to a lesser extent inspired by the Populists, the Anarchists, and the Social Democrats. Born from the revolutions of 1848 throughout Europe, Marxism sought to end the class struggles that were destroying the continent. The solution to the problems of all nations occurred to Marx to be Socialism, a branch that is presently known as Marxism. Under this seemingly “utopian” socioeconomic system, equality was granted to all citizens who were in essence a community of one. “.
His view of the dictatorship of the Proletariat was that the Party would form a dictatorship to fight counter-revolutionary attempts, take away private property and end free enterprise to build a secure socialist state. The 1917 February Revolution saw the end of the Romanov dynasty as Tsar Nicholas abdicated and his place soviets (Russian for councils) were set up across the country to represent soldiers, workers and peasants, which allowed the Provisional Government led by A... ... middle of paper ... ...onstraints. Stalin established system that lacked a smooth transition of power after his death and dragged the USSR into a Cold War with America who had the ability to out produce and out spend because of its market based economy and privatisation of debt. Stalin's harsh polices are indefensible on a moral or human level. The idea of the end justifying the means as his modus operandi was erroneous and the staggering cost in human lives overrides any progression achieved under a brutal rule.
Lenin’s First step was to sign a peace treaty with Germany to pull Russian troops out of the war. The Bolshevik govern-ment was a dictatorship. Lenin had revolutionary antecedents His older brother, Alexander was plotting to murder Tsar Alexander and was executed leaving Lenin with hate toward the royal (Lerner). Lenin created the very first Communist state and declared Russia a Soviet republic. There were more people getting involved in this revolution, inspired by the Bolsheviks and Len-in’s over all ideas for Russia.