Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, is credited with establishing and developing the idea of a communist society in response to modern capitalism in the early 1800’s. Communism is the theoretical economic system characterized by the collective ownership of property and by the organization of labor for the common advantage of all its members. Marx described human history as the attempt to control nature in order to improve the human condition. The party was formed to support and promote the common interests of the proletariat.
Communists believed that private property was the root of class struggle.
The history of a nation is littered with periods that people look back fondly on. These are the periods of prosperity, where the country is at its peak economically, politically, or culturally. The time where the country and its people were reaping the rewards of what their country has to offer. At the same time history is also full of period of the exact opposite. These periods are seen as the dark years of the country, where trouble and fear are what people get most out of where they live. These are the black spots of history, the ones people prefer to sweep under the rug and forget. Communism itself is viewed as a period of both in term of the country speaking of it. The communist movements, be them Marxist-Leninism or Maoist movements, left a great impact on the world and are still a fascinating subject that historians love to debate and question.
Karl Marx, author of The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital, was the originator of the political and economic theory of Scientific Socialism (modern Communism). Communism, by definition, is the complete control of major resources and the means of production by government, initially in the form of autocracy. In theory, under this system all would be equal; all would share in both work, according to their ability, and profit, according to need. According to Marx, the proletariat, or working class, would revolt against the bourgeoisie, or wealthy capitalist class, because of the stark contrast prevalent between the wealthy and poor. The new economy, run by and for the people, would produce not for profit, but for the needs of the people. Thus, abundance would rule. Marx further predicted this revolution would occur in Western Europe, the most industrialized and capitalist portion of the world.
Johnson, Paul M. Communism – Glossary of Political Economy Terms. Dept. of Political Science, Auburn University 7 April 2004 <http://www.auburn.edu/~johnspm/gloss/index.htm?http://www.auburn.edu/~joh nspm/gloss/communism.html>.
Communism was one of the political theories founded by Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx in the end of the 19th century . Both of these philosophers had the same point of view concerning the economic and political principles. Also, Communism brought up many changes to International Relations , and the body of the essay will describe the causes and results of Communism in Eastern and central Europe.
Communism is a political ideal that is often associated with cruel regimes in world history. Cruel regimes in the former U.S.S.R, Germany, and Yugoslavia as well as current regimes in China, North Korea and Cuba are often thought of negatively when communism is brought up. Additionally communism is often associated with limited personal freedoms, government control and a police state that curtails civil liberties. While it is true that communism has been tried and failed, this is often because of the person or people trying to institute it and the methods they have used. Even though history has shown that communist countries have used brutal tactics, communism at its core is not about cruelty or denial, it is simply a political ideal that emphasizes equality for all, nobody regardless of any factor should have more or less than anyone else.
Karl Marx never saw his ideals and beliefs, as the founding father of communist thought, implemented in the world and society because he died in 1883.1 The communist ideology did not rise to power until the beginning of the 20th century. Then it would be implemented and put into practice in the largest country in the world producing a concept that would control half of the world’s population in less than 50 years. The Manifesto of the Communist Party, written by Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels, searched for a perfect society living in equality and united in freedom. According to Marx this could only be accomplished in an anti-capitalist society.2 When their ideals where implemented in the 20th century, their message became warped and disfigured by the leadership of the worlds’ communist powers. Communism became in some ways more and in others less than Marx had first envisioned so many years before in 1848. Marx’s sought a social “Utopia,” while modern communist thought became a view of world domination.3 Many of the centralized governments of modern communism have fallen apart toward the end of the 20th century, confronted with concepts of self-government and revolution. Therefore, it is vital to document the rise and fall of modern communism throughout the world, and review the modern communist thought as it contrasted with that of Marx and Engels over 150 years ago.
Communism started around mid-nineteenth century. It is a political and economic belief. Communists work toward getting rid of any private owned property or any businesses that make a profit (“Communism”). Communists used the class system to try to work on eliminating any properties owned or profit’s made. But it didn’t work. In a communist society, the class system is the main reason why the society failed.
Communism is a theory that states that society should own all property. There should be no private ownership and labor is organized so that all members of society will benefit. Communism is based on the theories of Karl Marx and writing, “The Communist Manifesto.”
Communism is an economic system where, in theory, ownership of everything (e.g. goods, industrial products, businesses, farm produce, etc.) is collectively by the Government and the payment of income is only based one’s need. In communism, individuals have little say or on say at all on what to produce, not even owning anything since ownership is only by the Government. Communism is a socio-economic structure based on classless, stateless society where the means of production are on common ownership. Therefore, communism is the idea of free society where there is no divisions, humanity is not oppressed, no need for Government or countries. A citizen earns according to their needs and gives according to their abilities to do so.