Common Sense Summary and Review

analytical Essay
937 words
937 words

The immediate sensation of 1776, Common Sense, a pamphlet by Thomas Paine, had given the urge to many Americans at the time to fight for their independence. January, 10 1776, the pamphlet was published at around the begging of the American Revolution and had hit all of the colonies. It was sold and distributed widely and read aloud at taverns and meeting places. Even George Washington had read it to all his troops, which at the time had surrounded the British army in Boston. In proportion to the population of the colonies at that time (2.5 million), it had the largest sale and circulation of any book published in American history. Paine wrote this pamphlet into four sections: Of the Origin and Design of Government in General, with Concise Remarks on the English Constitution; Of Monarchy and Hereditary Succession; Thoughts on Present State of American Affairs; On the Present Ability of America, with some Miscellaneous Reflections. Thomas Paine begins the first section of the pamphlet distinguishing the differences between society and government. “Society in every state is a blessing, but Government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state an intolerable one: for when we suffer, or are exposed to the same miseries BY A GOVERNMENT, which we might expect in a country WITHOUT GOVERNMENT, our calamity is heightened by reflecting that we furnish the means by which we suffer.” In other words, Paine is saying that society is everything good of which the people accomplish together and government has its origins in the evil of man and is therefore a necessary evil at best. Paine says that government's main purpose is to protect life, liberty and property, and that a government should be judged to which it accomp... ... middle of paper ... ...his uprising and rebel against the British rule. These motives consisted of: No other country will be willing to help the colonists if America is seen as a part of Britain; both thriving countries, France and Spain will not aid the colonies if they believe that their help will be used by America to repair relations with England; other countries will see the colonies as enemies if they are still part of Britain; and by declaring independence, the colonies could begin to profit from international alliances and trade, of which Britain would not allow. Paine ends with a metaphor of the colonies if they do not take action immediately; “the Continent will feel itself like a man who continues putting off some unpleasant business from day to day, yet knows it must be done, hates to set about it, wishes it over, and is continually haunted with the thoughts of its necessity.”

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that common sense, a pamphlet by thomas paine, had given the urge to many americans at the time to fight for their independence. it had the largest sale and circulation of any book published in american history.
  • Analyzes how thomas paine distinguishes between society and government in the first section of the pamphlet.
  • Analyzes how thomas paine concludes that monarchy has produced nothing in the world, but bad governance and bloodshed.
  • Analyzes paine's third section, thoughts on present state of american affairs, which examines the conflicts between england and the colonies at the time, and decides independence is the best choice of action.
  • Analyzes how paine tries to persuade readers that america is able to rebel against the british rule.
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