Common Sense: A Case for America’s Independence

analytical Essay
777 words
777 words

Thomas Paine, in his argument for the independence of America, makes a passionate appeal to the common sense of Americans and launches a scathing attack against England and the king. His argument highlights the tribulations that face America as a result of her continued association with England. First, he discredits the view that America has only flourished because it is allied with England. He argues that America would still have prospered, probably even more than its state at the time, were it not a colony of England. He contends that America would always have a market for its produce, and would thus continue trading and enriching itself without the influence of its European master (Paine 124). Consequently, he does not consider trade an excuse for America to deny itself its independence. Paine’s second argument for independence addresses America’s relations with other nations. He discredits the opinion that Britain is “the parent country to America” (Paine 124), by arguing that Britain’s protection of America is selfish and only aims at protecting her own interests. Through its association with England, America had made enemies with nations who had done them no wrong. Moreover, Paine reiterates that England’s association with America causes more harm than good to America’s trade whenever England goes to war. This is because the alliances with which England quarrels refuse to purchase produce from America on the basis of the relationship between America and England. Accordingly, Paine argues that it would be more profitable for America if they had good relations with other European nations, as it would encourage trading activities and increase America’s prosperity. Paine is starkly critical of England, the king and the entire m... ... middle of paper ... ...,” (Paine 125). Such appeals targeted the common American because most of them were deeply religious and disposed to the laws of nature. In conclusion, Common Sense is an argument for independence that combines elements of emotional, political and religious appeal. Thomas Paine understands his audience and uses tone and references to which they are bound to relate. He starts by discrediting the entire monarchical system, the king and hereditary kingship. He then rescinds myths propagated by proponents of reconciliation. These include the view that America needs England for its commercial prosperity and territorial protection. Finally, he shows his audience the benefits of independence, including that they would be able to select their own leaders and they would all be subject to the same law. Works Cited Eric Foner's 'Give Me Liberty' An American History - Vol 1

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how thomas paine's argument for the independence of america highlights the tribulations that face america as a result of her continued association with england.
  • Analyzes paine's second argument for independence. he discredits the opinion that britain is "the parent country to america."
  • Analyzes paine's criticism of england, the king, and the entire monarchical system. he debates against the elevation of a select group of people to the position of royals.
  • Analyzes how paine criticizes england for fighting america, and yet it was supposed to be protecting her. he likens it to a mother that devours her children.
  • Analyzes how paine's arguments appealed to the common american. he argues that there is no difference between royals and their subjects since neither nature nor heavens make a distinction between them.
  • Analyzes how paine appeals to the common american by making reference to god, nature and the heavens. he describes america's continued association with england as against the laws of nature.
  • Concludes that common sense is an argument for independence that combines elements of emotional, political and religious appeal.
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