After the conclusion of the Civil War and the Reconstruction, the American economy rapidly increased as it developed in the Second Industrial Revolution. Between the time periods of 1800 to 1914, the United States had a massive increase in newly introduced natural resources that was involved with the new territory. New markets opened up a whole new economy and inventions that helped distribute these new manufactured goods were introduced. Innovations in transportation that included roads, steamboats, railroads and canals helped link isolated communities and distribute the new production of goods across the United States. American interior could be shipped directly to the Atlantic and could b... ... middle of paper ... ... put translations in its imperial bureaus.” In the end of the 19th century, the idea that the United States had a special mission to uplift "backward" people around the world also commanded growing support.
(Heilbroner and Milberg 2009,54) The revolution of the 18th and 19th century saw an immense transformation in science, technology and our economy, hence, the transformation from a Neolithic economy to an industrial economy. The revolution impacted on the social-economic in terms of the industrial research and development. Before the revolution labour was manly manual force however, the first revolution saw the materlisation of machines. For examples, the introduction of steam engines provided powered energy used in replacement of manual labour, therefore ... ... middle of paper ... ... Works Cited P. Deane. (1969).
The Napoleonic wars did have a large impact on industrialization in Europe as a result of realizations and actions taken to better their countries after the Napoleonic wars. Although the Industrial Revolution began in Britain during the 1700’s it was boosted in the early 1800’s after the Napoleonic wars because of reform that was needed. Industrialization then started spreading throughout Europe and into North America in the early 1800’s. By the mid-1800’s industrialization was widespread. This was all a result, somewhat indirectly of the Napoleonic wars.
This economic growth, also called the commercial revolution, helped to fuel the industrial revolution of the eighteenth century by “Providing large and expanding markets for European industries” (p. 409) The commercial revolution created the need for new technology to meet the demands of the new and ever changing markets created by the European expansion. The commercial revolution also “Contributed the large amounts of capital necessary to finance the construction of factories and machines for the industrial revolution.” (p. 409) The industrial revolution began in the late eighteenth century with the invention of the steam engine by James Watt. Thanks to the steam engine, people were now able to harness the power needed to run pumps, locomotives and eventually machines used in factories. “It (the steam engine) provided a means for harnessing and utilizing heat energy to furnish driving power for machines.” (p. 412) The British quickly moved to the forefront of the industrial revolution due to their investment in the coal and iron industries. England was also at the forefront of modern banking due to the large amounts of profit from commerce that the British experienced.
The rising of the market economy occurred between the end of the War of 1812 and the Civil War. It was a time of uprising for Americans of the United States. There were changes in the vast improvement in transportation, the growth of factories, and there were important developments of new technology that increased agricultural production. Americans advanced into new areas and produced an agricultural surplus that went to market farming. In the nineteenth century, manufacturing was the most important factor because it brought about industrialization.
Even before imperialism there was mercantilism, and colonialism, which consisted of an extension of a nation's sovereignty over territory and people outside its own boundaries, to facilitate economic domination over their resources, labor, and markets. As well, the arrival of traders, settlers, and the establishment of governing systems, which reinforced the “peripheral” status of colonies. (power point source). There are also different phases of imperialism, there is high imperialism, which corresponds to the industrial revolution, and the second phase includes the use of new industrial power, creating high level of rivalry between high industrial powers. Imperial powers would ally themselves and aim their efforts in securing the territory, creating a new form of power, Imperialism being an imposition.
In the last several centuries, Western imperialistic expansion has significantly changed the Pacific Asian region. (Borthwick 2007, 61) Essentially, colonialism is defined as “control by one country over another area and its people.” (Unknown 2013) During this time, territorial expansion was a primary goal of England, France, United States of America and the Empire of Japan. Their ability to travel great distances combined with military superiority allowed for these countries to exert their influence and occupy greater territory. This era helped shape the Southeast Asia region in a profound way. This paper will discuss how prior to World War II colonial rule affected development in the region as well as economic and societal changes.
These theories are just theories unless carried out by the nations that uphold them. That being said it is the nations that contribute to the forceful expansion of non-violence by using violence on non-democratic nations. It is not the theories or ideas of democratic peace that promote such interventions. However, some systems to control peace and non-violence are more intrusive. The problem with these security systems are that they are just as unsure and unrestful as the deterrence theory.
The areas that the British imperialized during this time period include India, a large part of Africa, and Australia. The Industrial Revolution, a notable evolution in production technologies and specialized machineries, became one of the main causes of British imperialism. As the need for more advanced materials grew to support the Industrial Revolution, many nations sought foreign territory which could supply their quickly-growing demand. The Industrial Revolution allowed England to develop better weapons, such breech loading rifles and better ships which helped to conquer different territories. In addition, the British started colonizing and taking control of various countries because they provided new trade opportunities and more income for the mainland.
Inspections were placed to enable peaceful alternatives, if inspections were carried fulfil, it would have prevented the intervention of Iraq. Therefore, it can be evaluated that all peaceful measures to prevent the Iraq war were not follow through, the concept of last resort is able to be manipulated. Therefore, under the principle of just war and international law, the Iraq war is inadequate.