Over the next several years, forty-seven African countries attained independence from colonial rule. Many circumstances and events had and were occurring that led to the changes to which he was referring. The decolonization of Africa occurred over time, for a variety of complex reasons, but can be broken down into two major contributing factors: vast changes brought about in the world because of World War II and a growing sense of African nationalism. The colonization of Africa officially began in 1884 with the Berlin Conference. Western European powers began to split up the land and resources in Africa among themselves.
These “Extractive Institutions” refer to those entities that exist for the sole purpose of pull resources out of a country. Now that many of the colonialist powers have left, these “European-style institutions” still exist well into the turn of the century. The African people are skilled agriculturalists and quite possibly one of the results of the European incursions into the continent could have been t... ... middle of paper ... ...are men. Once educational institutions are in place problems with public health, investment decisions, religious radicalism, and violence will begin to fade away. Works Cited Artadi, Elsa V., and Xavier Sala-i-Martin.
The Exploration of Africa: from Cairo to the Cape. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc, 1991. "Part IV Anti-Colonialism & Reconstruction." 5 Mar. 2000 <http://www.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline4.htm>.
1996 ISBN 0-85229-633-0. [Accessed 3 April 2014]. Tieku, TK 2007. African Union promotion of human security in Africa. African Security review.
Africa and India were two of the many countries involved in the British Empire. The British Empire had a very significant impact on India and Africa socially, economically and politically in both negative and positive ways. The very moment that the British stepped foot onto Indian and African land, they automatically thought of the citizens there to be of much lower class than they which also began the descent into the drastic social changes the British Empire brought upon. With this foolish idea in mind, the British continued to be sure that they kept white rule over Africa and India. With India, Britain interrupted their already self-developed and still growing social realm and turned it into a permanent caste system, where your caste is your “destiny” of which you were born into.
In order to properly understand the effects of colonization, one must look at its history. Most of Africa was relatively isolated from Europe throughout early world history, but this changed during the 17th to the 20th centuries. Colonization efforts reached their peak between the 1870s and 1900 in the “Scramble for Africa” which left the continent resembling a jigsaw puzzle Various European powers managed to colonize Africa including Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Portugal, and Spain. This intense imperialist aggression had three major causes. The primary reason was simply for economic gain.
Kenya has been a symbol of East African solidarity, as they gained a reluctant sovereignty after years of ram shaking batter with colonialist Britain. Many factors contributed to the gaining of Kenyan independence in December 1963, using both aggressive and passive styles of rebellion they rebuked colonial autocracy and gained their independence. During the 19th Century numerous European countries begun to take an active interest in African countries, Kenya and much of East Africa was soon swept under British mandate. At the Berlin conference of 1885 Kenya was bestowed to Great Britain. By 1895 the British government managed to set up “The East African Protectorate” paving the path for white farmers who were interested in Kenyan fertile lands, even before the official ratification in 1920 making Kenya a British colony.
Foreign aid while helpful should be limited to a yearly amount because it allows the government to repudiate responsibility and gives room for corruption; it creates a media bias, and doesn’t solve the foundational issues. Even though a majority of Africa is either run by a democratic type of government or by dictatorship foreign aid should still be limited due to repudiation of responsibilities and permits corruption. “Africa's economic troubles are also, in large measure, self- inflicted. Since independence, politics have helped to stunt productivity. Africa's new leaders had as their models the centralized and coercive colonial states, whose raison d'etre was to raise revenue through the extraction of labor and produce.”(Whitaker) Many African government officials do not have a sense of obligation to the lands that they are supposed to be caring for.
The global network of super powers has claimed many regions through human security, political actions, and economic development. One of the largest landscapes is that of sub-Saharan Africa, in which 50 plus countries make up the geographical landscape (Library of Congress, 2010). In consideration of the long history of changing powers and the colonization of the different countries by Dutch, French, and British influences giving up power after WWII; the prospect of democracy for the sub-Saharan African countries is an ongoing battle (Braithwaite, 2014). South Africa is one example of political changes and the understanding of human security along with economic development. Governance Political change is the strength and legacy of a country.