Colonial/Indian War Strategy

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An Example of Colonial/Indian War Strategy

The diplomatic strategy that had served the Indians well was now nonexistent. Britain won the American war in 1758, the Creeks and the Cherokees lost their ability to force concessions by turning to France or Spain. Cherokees attacked the Carolina and Virginia frontiers in 1760 because they were desperate and they wanted to retaliate for British atrocities. In 1760 Cherokees attacked Carolina and Virginia frontiers. Though the Indians were initially victorious, they were defeated the following year by British regulars and colonial militia. In the Ohio country, the Ottawas, Chippewas, and Potawatomis reacted angrily when Great Britain raised the price of trade goods and ended gift-giving traditional practices. Indians settler moved into the Monongahela and Susquehanna Valleys quickly. A shaman named Neolin urged Indians to oppose British entrance. Neolin, was a native leader who was very influential. He called for the unity of all tribes in the farm of an Anglo-American threat. Neolin resisted becoming dependent on European goods because by doing this the Indian people were destroying themselves. He also advocated both peaceful and armed resistance. Neolin stated that if all Indians west of the mountains would unite to reject invades. The master of life would replenish their deer herds and look kindly on his people. Pontiac, a war chief of an Ottowa village near Detroit, became leader of a movement based in the Noelin's beliefs. Pontiac forged an alliance with Hurons, Chippewas, Potawatomis, Delaware's, Shawnees, and Mingoes in the spring of 1763. Pontiac laid siege to fort Detroit. War parties attacked other British outposts in the Great Lakes. Detroit withstood, but by late June all other forts west of Niagara and north of fort Pitt hadn't withstood the alliance. Virginia and Pennsylvania frontiers was raided by the Indians during the summer, at least 2,000 settlers were slayed. They still failed taking the Niagara, Fort Pitt, or Detroit strongholds down. Colonial Militiamen defeated a combined Indian force at Bushy Run, Pennsylvania in early August. Soon conflict stopped when Pontiac broke off the siege of Detroit in late October. After the Treaty of Paris 1763 the survivors relocated.
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