Colon Cancer and Chemotherapy Treatment

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My grandmother was diagnosed with colon cancer in 2001 and again in 2011. She died shortly after her second surgery. I never really thought about what cancer was before this and what it does to someone’s body. I am sure there are others that never really look at specific diseases or illnesses until it affects them directly. Cancer is a horrible killer where abnormal cells multiply within a person’s body and reproduce to form a tumor. What exactly is cancer? Our bodies reproduce and destroy billions of cells per day. It can go from one mismade cell to cells multiplying and forming a tumor. There are many abnormal cells made daily, but most of them are rejected by our body and destroyed. Our body is constantly going through a process, but it is not perfect. A cancer develops when a mistake is not corrected and it continues to produce and form a mass of abnormal cells. A lot of these mistakes go without repair and do not really affect our health, but if a new cell is able to divide and reproduce without the same procedure of a normal cell it becomes uncontrollable. There are both benign and malignant tumors. Benign tumors do not spread beyond the tissue it is formed in, but it can still cause severe symptoms. A malignant tumor can spread through the blood or lymphatic system, which is called metastasis. This ability causes the cancer to grow in other places throughout the body and starts to multiply and form other cancerous tumors. Cancer is actually over 100 diseases that have been bundled as one under the category of cancer. These different cancers are named by tissue where it develops and if it spreads to another region of the body, it is still known as the cancer where it originated. No one cancer is the same and eac... ... middle of paper ... ...ically radiation oncologist radiation is locally administered. It is administered 5 days a week for 5 to 6 weeks and in most cases chemotherapy is delivered at the same time. Side effects of radiation are fatigue, temporary or permanent pelvic hair loss, and skin irritation in the treated areas. Anyone that has been treated for colon cancer has to have CEA blood tests ever 3 months for 2 years, colonoscopies and CT scans are preformed once yearly for the first 2-3 years (Nugent). Patients are at risk for reappear for up to 10 years after treatment. Works Cited "Colon Cancer." Tests and Diagnosis. Mayo Clinic, 22 Aug. 2013. Web. 08 May 2014. "Colorectal Cancer." Colon/Rectum Cancer. American Cancer Society, n.d. Web. 07 May 2014. Nugent, Francis, MD. "Colon Cancer: Get the Facts on the Stages and Survival Rate." MedicineNet. N.p., 4 Oct. 2012. Web. 04 May 2014.

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