In this phase of care, quality improvement is a very crucial activity for most interdisciplinary team members caring for critically ill patient or individuals. Team members include the healthcare providers, nurses, nurse’s assistant or PCAs, social workers, pharmacist, registered dietitian, respiratory therapist, physical or occupation therapist, hospital chaplain and the family. Healthcare providers are majorly responsible for the care of critically ill individuals whereby they have intensively received specialized training, skills and experiences to care for critically ill patients. Intensivists are typically trained individuals to provide care for patients in life support or patient in emergency situations. They work swiftly to stabilize, diagnose and perform any life-saving procedures, monitor patient’s progress and response to care and make distinctive report that will make other physicians to properly treat patient once they have left the ICU.
Patient’s experience with the healthcare team to the standards of patient centered care, there are some parallels and differences. In Barry and Edgman-Levitan’s text Shared Decision making: The Pinnacle of Patient Centered Care, it explained how the patient centered care is divided into three broad areas. One of the areas discussed about information, communication and education. It stated that “Adequate information must be shared with the patients and this would include clinical management…This is very relevant in understanding the concept of self-care and individual health promotion..” Barry& Edgman-Levitan (2012). In Ms. Patient’s case, the doctor was able to explain thoroughly to the patient and her parents about her current health condition and idea of scoliosis so the patient can have a better idea about self-care while reassuring her parents.
The wellbeing of the patient is one of the most important things in the healthcare system. Like stated earlier, since the patient is what makes the healthcare world go-round following all the steps mentioned is vital in the good operation of a healthcare system. The topics covered are just some of the many steps that are needed in order to provide optimal patient care and are essential in more ways than one.
These recommendations include the patient-physician relationship, how physicians utilize medical information, how physicians deal with patient emotions, physician self-management, and educational conferences designed to sharpen communication. Communication is important during each phase of cancer care. Patients are concerned with a wide range of issues including pain, death, and disability. There are distinct categories that affect the way a physician communicates with a patient including physician training, communication barriers, the patients role, communication with families, communication styles, alternative treatments, communication research, as well as public awareness. A successful communication interaction implies that all parties have created a "partnership" and the patient has been fully educated on his or her condition as well as the different options to address the condition.
Patient education stems from teaching basic health practices and informing patients of health literacy. In order to accomplish the various types of patient education there are many different practices that can be used to do so. The simplest forms of patient education are examples such as patient teaching with health screenings. During health screenings a doctor and/or nurse will assess patients and intervene with treatment if needed. In the event of treatment the healthcare provider will use patient education to teach the patient of the current health condition and practices to help with the patient’s current health condition.
Interview Techniques A complete health history requires the utilization of interviewing techniques that can be beneficial to elicit a patient response. First, the practitioner needs adequate preparation. Ideally, a review of the patient’s medical record for pertinent information prior to entering the room is acceptable. The information gleaned from the medical record can include but not limited to the patient’s primary language, clinical record and overall goals for the interview. An appropriate introduction, after which environmental comfort for the patient assessed.
Understanding patient’s behavior and attitude towards his condition can be very useful in designing a health program specific to a certain individual. Attitudes and Beliefs in Compliance with Care. (ANALYZE HOW PATIENT ATTITUDES AND BELIEFS CAN AFFECT COMPLIANCE WITH CARE) Patient compliance is one of the challenges each health team member faces. A lot of factors can affect patient's attitude towards his health. Lack of knowledge about the disease and its management, lack of social support, lack of adequate finances or health insurance are among others.
The medical model was developed for the practice of medicine, many of its characteristics are being used in different health disciplines (Kielhofner, 2009, p. 235). Including the Occupational therapy profession. As a client-centered profession, it is vital to learn all you can about your clients. However, before an individual becomes a client to an OT. He/ she was a patient.
Intro- Collaboration with the interdisciplinary team plays a big part in the care of a patient. Coming together as one is an essential to promote the health that is needed in order to define the outcome for what’s best for the patient. The importance of the teamwork and collaboration to the professional nursing is very important since the nurse is providing the bedside care of the patient. Which directions to go in as far as the orders will come from the interdisciplinary team? With feedback from the nurse, changes need to be made.
3. Health assessment is carried out to know the client’s family medical history so that it will give a guide as to diseases that clients can be at risk of. I.e. for diseases that have hereditary traits. 4.