Piaget theory said that a person will complete all of the steps of development by the end of their life, they may just skip or be stuck in one before completing development. I also believe in Vygotsky theory of cognitive development associated with social development. There are things that stick out about Vygotsky to me that have made me feel his research and study are accurate. When you look at the lives of children they act, talk, and interact just like the people around them. Children copy adults as Vygotsky referred to as the more knowledgeable other, as they see them with greater knowledge than themselves.
Finally, we can say that all babies are the most intelligent human in the world, they can learn in an active way and save a lot of information and names.. There is no stupid human they all have the ability to communicate, to respond to others. This advantage needs training and care from the parent. Children prefer to learn by playing games because it is fun for them. It gives them the chance to discover the environment and how they solve problems and how they engage with others.
Piaget also taught us that interaction with others is good for development, and it helps us to learn in different ways by being with others. Piaget set the stage for others in his field to learn and discover even more about the development of a child into an adult. Piaget asserted that human intelligence develops in stages, each of which enhances a person’s understanding of the world in a new and more complex way. Children, he taught us, by continually interacting with their environment, keep adding and reshaping their conceptions of the world (Microsoft, 2001, p.1). This he taught us through his theories of cognitive development.
The Early Years Learning Framework allows educators to draw on a wide range of perspectives and theories which gives educators the ability to challenge traditional ways of teaching young children. One of the Theorists that underpins the EYLF document is Jean Piaget. Piaget’s theory is based on the belief that early cognitive development occurs through processes where actions prompt our thought process and this in turn influences our actions next time round. Piaget was of the belief that a child’s cognitive development follows a fixed process of four stages that are the same for all children. The four stages are as follows; Stage one is the Sensori-Motor stage (0-2 years).
MONTESSORI PROGRAM A Developmentally Appropriate program is based on theories of child development, understanding the individual needs, strengths and weaknesses of the child obtained by observation of the child and the child’s interests, cultural and socioeconomic background as defined by the society, family and community he comes from, and by assessing what is individually appropriate for each child. The Montessori Approach to education succeeds because it is based on developmentally appropriate practices to help the wholesome growth of the child. The curriculum is based on keen observation of the child and his interaction and experimentation with an environment specially constructed and prepared for his optimal development. Dr Maria Montessori is a pioneer in the development of a learning and teaching philosophy that could be defined as revolutionary. At a time when the accepted traditional methods of teaching were more adult directed, the Montessori Method focused on child directed learning.
However, there are many common behaviors that children experience during these early school years. According to research done by 2010, children develop self-confidence by interacting with peers and through encouragement, praise by parents and teachers. For example some behaviors that best illustrate this when the child is able to run around obstacles, ride a tricycle, can copy simple shapes and most impo... ... middle of paper ... ... from being a lawyer to a doctor.” Based on this statement and my own observations, I strongly believe that the environment that surrounds him will prepare him for a better future in life. Since there are a variety of developmental activities he can be involved in. As the weeks pass by, he can gradually accomplish other the milestones of development as well as learning how to interact and share with others.
This means that design ideas come from the collaboration of adults and children. The advantage of children joining as design partners is that they will administer more input into the design process which is likely to result in technologies that better address their needs, interests, and abilities. This is why children are an extremely useful resource when it comes to designing applications and other such products aimed at them. 285
Active involvements and interactions with peers and adults give young children opportunity to learn and communicate more. Play successfully enhances young children’s language development in productive way. It lays down the foundation for them to learn reading and writing in school. Preschoolers are able to become well-rounded learners. Therefore, they can easily adapt to new world and be well prepared higher learning.
32). From seven to eleven, they develop the ability to think logically, to solve problems systematically, and to see things from other people’s perspectives. Although they are not yet ready to think abstractly, their increasing ability to comprehend symbols enables them to read and to make mathematical computations. Since concrete operational children understand reversible operations, they can appreciate the relationship between addition and subtraction, and understand why multiplication and division are opposites. Because they acquire the principle of seriation (“arranging things in a logical progression”), children at this age tend to enjoy collecting items which they can categorize and arrange by similarity or size (Slavin, 2015, p. 34).
This stage is where creativity flows, that occurs between the ages of 2 to 7 years. In this stage young children start to develop reasoning of some point. They also use language better and more maturely than before allowing for memory processes. Preoperational stage of cognitive development is divided into two subsets; symbolic function substage and intuitive thought substage. Symbolic function is the substage in which children learn how to draw and represent objects that are not really present, this substage is from 2 to 4 years of age.