Cognitive Research and Reasons Schizophrenics Have Auditory Hallucinations

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Cognitive Research and Reasons Schizophrenics Have Auditory Hallucinations Schizophrenia is a common illness. "Schizo", Latin for "split" and "phrenic", "mind" describes the split from reality experienced by the schizophrenic mind. The personality loses it unity and wholeness as a result of unorganized, incoherent thinking, shifting emotional moods and strange perceptions. It has approximately 1-% population prevalence in all cultures. Schizophrenia was once thought to be an artifact of Western civilization, but it is now known that this is not the case. It is likely a neurodevelopment brain disorder with both genetic and non-genetic causes, that best fits within the disease perspective. As well as being common, schizophrenia is a serious, chronic, often disabling illness. It can begin at any age, but most commonly does so in adolescence or early adult life. With such unorganized and incoherent thoughts, disorganized schizophrenics have difficulty communicating and are confused. They often withdraw and regress to silly, childlike behavior. Schizophrenia starts early and is not fatal, but it is an enormous health care burden. Schizophrenic patients who were unresponsive to treatments ended up living out their lives in state hospitals, which are looked back upon as seen “warehouses.” After schizophrenic patients go through the de-institutionalization they are likely to be found as “street people” or found in jails. Patients with schizophrenia often neglect their medical problems. Schizophrenia is currently defined clinically, on the basis both of cross-sectional symptoms and symptoms that occur over a long period of time. There is no reliable lab test for it, and no definitive post-mortem diagnosis. Their overall death rate is double expected. Frequently, when schizophrenic patients take their prescribed medication they take other medication that either compound or negate their prescribed medication effects. There is currently no cure for the disorder, although medicines often help, especially with positive symptoms. Some positive symptoms include “Form” or disorganization of ideas and speech so that the listener cannot understand, or incoherence, “Content”, or bizarre and delusional ideas like “the Government is tapping into my head and reading my thoughts”. A lack of insight on their own problem... ... middle of paper ... ...f paranoid ideation, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105, 106-113 5) Kuipers, E., Garety, P., Fowler, D., Dunn, G. Bebbington, P., Freeman, D. & Hadley, C. (1997) London-East, Anglia randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavioral therapy for psychosis, British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 319-327. 6) Levin, S., Yurgelun-Todd, D. and Craft, S. (1989). 'Contributions of clinical neuropsychology to the study of schizophrenia', Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 341-356. 7) Levine, J., Barak, Y. & Granek, I. (1998) Cognitive therapy for paranoid schizophrenics: Applying cognitive dissonance, Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 12, (1), 3-12. 8) Morrison, A. P., Wells, A. & Nothard, S. (2000) Cognitive factors in predisposition to auditory and visual hallucinations, British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 39, 67-78. 9) Patterson, T. (1987). 'Studies toward the subcortical pathogenesis of schizophrenia', Schizophrenia. Bull. 13, 555-576. As found on web site http://www.psy.med.rug.nl/0014 10) Posey, T. B. & Losch, M.E. (1983). Auditory Hallucinations of Hearing Voices in 375 Normal Subjects, Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 2, 99-113.
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