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Works Cited Thomas Miller, Assessment of Life Stress Events: the Etiology and Measurement of Traumatic Stress Disorder International Journal of Social Psychiatry, Vol. 38, No. 3, 215-227 (1992) J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2004 Dec ;35 (4):307-18 15530845 (P,S,E,B) Metacognitive therapy for PTSD: a preliminary investigation of a new brief treatment. [My paper] Adrian Wells, Sundeep Sembi Deep-Soboslay A, Martin CE, Kleinman JE.
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The answer to that is stated by Stark, Parsons, Van Hartevelt, Charquero-Ballester, McManners, Ehlers, and Kringelbach (2015), the threat starts off in the amygdala where there are hypersensitive stimuli that go hand in hand with triggers that cause PTSD causing gradual stress on the brain in form of flashbacks and sleep difficulties (P. 1). Moreover, this constant threat has the patient on high alert since his or her brain is under the constant force of the stress caused by traumatic events. For example, Ruglass and Kendall-Tacket (2014) mentioned scenarios such as Jenna who had difficulty sleeping for most of her high school career after being raped at a drive in as well as a veteran named Sam who was a prisoner of war in Vietnam. Sam was challenged by disturbing thoughts and had nightmares as well throughout his normal life (P. 3). This research has concluded that only highly sensitive and traumatic events trigger the start of PTSD, so it affects much of the quality of living for the patient who has been diagnosed with the disorder.
Furthermore, trauma causes problems because the client’s mind and body react in a different way and their response to social groups. The symptoms of trauma relate to irritability, intrusive thoughts, panic and anxiety, dissociation and trance-like states, and self-injurious behaviors (Bloom, 1999, p. 2). Childhood trauma happens when they live in fear for the lives of someone they love (Bloom, 1999, p. 2). Judith Herman’s trauma theory states that the idea of repressed memories relates to unconscious behavior. These repressed behaviors include those inhibited behaviors relate to memories of childhood abuse.
Steinberger, K. (2002). Classification of OCD in children and adolescence. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavic, 106(2), 97-102. Wagner, A. (2003).
Finally, the paper will finish of with my own personal experience with PTSD, followed by a conclusive paragraph. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as an anxiety disorder and is the result of severe trauma. Anybody could acquire PTSD. It is irrespective of age, gender, race, ethnicity, economic level, education, etc. This disorder can be caused from personally experiencing an event that is perceived as a threat to one’s life; causes actual physical injury, or the threat thereof; or is some other real or perceived threat to one’s physical integrity.