"It's a busy morning in the cloning laboratory of the big-city hospital. As always, the list of patients seeking the lab's services is a long one--and, as always, it's a varied one. Over here are the Midwestern parents who have flown in specially to see if the lab can make them an exact copy of their six-year-old daughter, recently found to be suffering from leukemia so aggressive that only a bone marrow transplant can save her. . . . In nine months, the parents, who face the very likely prospect of losing the one daughter they have, could find themselves raising two of her--the second created expressively to keep the first alive" (Kluger p. 67).
This is just one of the many scenarios people are imagining after the successful cloning--manipulating a cell from an animal so that it grows into an exact duplicate of that animal--of the sheep, Dolly. It is not the first time that cloning a mammal has been accomplished; however, it is the first time that a mammal has been cloned from an adult cell, not an embryonic one (Nash). The new cloning technique is raising many questions, the most controversial being the possibility of human cloning. Scientists say that, theoretically, the process used to clone Dolly would work for humans as well (Herbert). However, the cloning of humans should be regulated because of ethical, moral and religious issues.
On March 4, 1997, President Clinton temporarily banned federally funded research for human cloning in the U.S., and gave the National Bioethics Advisory Commission 90 days to report on whether human cloning should be banned or regulated ("Clinton Bans. . ."). In June, the Advisory Commission recommended that Congress impose a five year ban on human cloning (Rosenblatt). President Clinton ...
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