(Britannica) The process, which was previously described, is the same way that human beings can be cloned. The major misunderstanding is that all someone needs is a sample of DNA to put in this magical machine and a couple days later a fully-grown identical twin is born. The cloning of a human being would be a very difficult, time consuming, and risky venture. It took 277 attempts to clone "Dolly", the sheep born as the first success in cloning an adult mammal. This was achieved in 1996 at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, Scotland by a team of British researchers led by Ian Wilmut.
The media manic disorder and widespread give-and-take concerning human biological research began in late February 1997 when the world learned of the first successful cloning of a sheep 1 by somatic cell 2 nuclear transfer 3. This technique involves obtaining genetic material from a differentiated somatic cell of an adult and then transplanting it into an egg from which the nucleus has been removed. This egg is then implanted in an adult womb for development. The result is the birth of an offspring with genetic material identical to the original somatic cell, with genetic information from only one "parent." (Heidi Forster, 1998) Previously, this technique had never been successful in 1997 once the globe learned of the primary winning biological research of a sheep one by vegetative cell two nuclear transfer three.
The birth of these transgenered animals provides a major stepping stone for the cloning of humans. Now groups say they are ready to clone a human being. Controversy over their plan runs high, but scientists believe the technology for human cloning, at least a limited type of cloning for now, is available. A revolution in reproductive biology is now taking place, that provides technical means for cloning humans. Many scientists who work with cloned animals say that the procedure is difficult and dangerous and too ethical to try on humans.
www.ornl.gov/hgmis McGee, Glen. The Human Cloning Debate. New York: Berkley Hills Books, 2000 Nash, Madeleine J. “The Age of Cloning,” Time, 10 March, 1997 Pence, Gregory E. and Rachels, James. The Right Thing to Do, “Will Cloning Harm People,” New York: McGraw-Hill, 2003 Reaves, Jessica.
She states that a lawyer-ethicist once said cloning is a violation of the “right to genetic identity” (603). Macklin doubts the existence of this right. She explains that adults should not be cloned without their voluntary consent, however, with such consent; the concept of genetic identity is not violated. Another issue discussed is that human clones could be used as human farms or organ donors. Unthinkable as it may be, there is a fear that parents may clone their children for “spare parts.” Such a theory is ludicrous because parents of twins do not view one child as a spare part should the other break.
Lanham, Boulder, New York, Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers Inc., 1998. ---. Who’s Afraid of Human Cloning. Lanham, Boulder, New York, Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers Inc., 1998. Campbell, Neil A., Lawrence G. Mitchell and Jane B. Reece, Biology: Concepts and Connections, Third Edition.
Human Cloning Ever since the cloning of the first mammal, the sheep Dolly, in 1996 by Ian Wilmut of the Roslin Institute, people have been begun to consider how they feel about human cloning. Is it possible? Should we do it? The overwhelming answer seems to be "yes" to the first question, and "no" to the second. "Yes," because cloning a human is not much different from cloning a sheep.
While some people might say that stem cell research is immoral and unethical, others believe that it is a magical solution for almost any problem, thus leading to a very controversial issue. Scientists have been searching for years for ways to eradicate incurable diseases and perform other medical procedures that yesterday's technology would not fix. With the rapidly arising, positive research on stem cell technology, the potential that exists to restore any deficiency is in the same way, likely to destroy humanity. America is suffering from its inability to choose who holds precedence over this issue. Too many of us find it impossible to reach a basis for which our differing opinions can be shared and formed into a universal and comprehensive understanding.
The Advantages of Cloning People often question whether or not cloning is morally acceptable in our society, and also if it is worth all the money that we spend on research for cloning. It is hard to believe that not to long ago many people believed that joining a sperm and an egg in a test tube was considered to be morally wrong. It is now used by millions of doctors around the world. Cloning is at the beginning stages of being considered morally unacceptable and will soon move to be just like in-vitro fertilization. Soon everyone will understand the benefits of cloning in agriculture, medicine, and social parenthood.