Human cloning, is it wrong? Is it justified? I believe human cloning is faulty because it is morally wrong, against the Church teachings, and there is a lot of risk to create the perfect human clone. How does cloning work? There’s therapeutic and reproductive cloning.
Cloning is the process of extracting the DNA out of a donor’s cell and implanting this genetic code in another cell in order to grow a being with identical genes, thus virtually duplicating the donor. The term clone refers to the new being that has identical genes to the donor. There are three types of cloning, when the media reports on cloning they are generally referring to reproductive cloning. There is also recombinant DNA Technology, and therapeutic cloning (McGee, Human Cloning Debate). Reproductive cloning is a technology used to generate an animal that has the same nuclear DNA as another.
It is because of these medical, societal, and religious concerns that human cloning should not be performed. Medically, we are not sufficiently advanced enough to safely perform cloning on humans. Societally, our government is unsure of what to do about the situation, and the people are unsure about cloning’s effectiveness. Finally, on the religious side of cloning, Christians, Catholics, and other religions are against the use of cloning for the fear that people will become too prideful in their ability to essentially design life. Until something is done to rectify these issues, human cloning will continue to be unethical and should remain unused.
For instance, reproductive cloning is mainly used to create clones of an entire animal. It is achieved by removing a mature somatic cell from the animal that they want to clone. The nucleus of somatic cell is placed into an egg that has already had its nucleus removed. While still in a test tube, the egg is stimulated until it becomes an embryo which can then be implanted into female animal... ... middle of paper ... ...n but it is killed when stem cells are removed. They raise the question, “Why should life be taken to save another”?
A designer baby is a child that has been genetically modified to either cure a disease such as hemophilia or cystic fibrosis, or to create a child that has a desired trait such as green eyes or brown hair. Many people oppose this because they believe it is unethical because some fertilized embryos are discarded and it also gets rid of the random qualities that make people unique. Genetic engineering can be broken down into two categories that we will discuss in this paper gene therapy and preimplantation genetic diagnosis. The process of creating a designer baby starts with the mother taking medication that increase the amount of eggs she will drop during ovulation. These eggs are then taking and fertilized in a laboratory.
There is therapeutic cloning and reproductive cloning. Reproductive cloning is when the cloned embryo is transferred into the uterus of a female of the same species, while the clone does not have a 100% identical chromosomal DNA as the genetic predecessor. Therapeutic cloning is used to help repair defective genes by the homologous recombination. As Professor Savulescu says... “Cloning a single skin cell from a patient with a disease could be used to produce inexhaustible amounts of cells and tissue with that disea... ... middle of paper ... ...its research, so cloning should be deregulated and funded by the government. Other benefits of cloning are that it can give couples who cannot reproduce a chance to have children who are biologically related to them, whereas they would not be able to.
One type led by researchers at the Human Genome Project entails the copying of genes and parts of chromosomes in order to get enough identical genetic material to do further research, which they believe could help prevent human diseases in the future (Cloning fact sheet). Another type of cloning is called Blastomere separation, also known as twinning. In this case they split an egg (embryo), soon after it has been fertilized which results in two or more embryos, twins, containing the same exact DNA from both parents (Cloning fact sheet). However, Dolly, was cloned from only one parent. To do this, scientists must take an egg, empty out its genetic material, and replace it with genetic material from another animal by means of somatic cell nuclear transfer (Cloning fact sheet).
Gene splicing involves removing a fragment of DNA containing the specific DNA sequenc... ... middle of paper ... ...cientist will have to learn how to turn on specific genes when a protein of enzyme is low, and off to avoid too much to ensure the delicate chemical makeup of our bodies is not disrupted. (Blachford, 467) Although there are many risks of gene therapy, the benefits remain to enticing to ignore. Gene therapy poses many risks, but may prove the ideal solution for countless diseases. As seen throughout the past few decades, gene therapy can cure genetically inherited diseases by introducing therapeutic genes into the body. Critics may argue that there are moral and ethical problems associated with this novel technique, but for the most part scientists realize the importance this advancement will have.
“They then transfer the DNA of the donor animal’s somatic cells into an egg cell or oocyte it has its own DNA containing nucleus removed. With other animals the main experiment conducted in order to clone is splitting embryos in test tubes. Then they implant the results in embryos into the wombs of the adult animal” (“Cloning Fact Sheet”). For many years the controversy of human cloning still seems to... ... middle of paper ... ...tionship between stem cells and cancer cells needs to be more clearly understood if stem cells are to be used to treat human disease (“Cloning Fact Sheet”). There can be a huge advantage for using cloning.
This technique is really hard to accomplish but can be done by well experienced scientists. There are many reasons why scientist would like to clone, and two of the main reasons are finding a cure to certain types of diseases and helping the endangered species come back to life like they once were. Different Types of Cloning When we speak of cloning, we typically think of organism cloning, but there are actually three different types of cloning. Molecular, Organism, and Therapeutic cloning. The first one is Molecular cloning, this focuses on when a DNA from an organism is transferred to a self-replicating genetic element such as a bacterial plasmid.