Cloning Humans Ian Wilmut’s foray into cloning Dolly has proved to be an appetizing entrée to mankind, with the next step being the cloning of endangered species, and eventually, humans. Although his team of researchers had qualified to the public that it is unethical to clone humans1, the very prospect of being able to replicate creatures of our own kind is nevertheless enticing. Think of all the possible benefits that make many scientists prepared to cross those ethical boundaries: Firstly, couples who have tried a long time for identical twins, triplets (or even quintuplets!) may now be able to have them by producing clones from a single embryonic cell. Secondly, the cloning of genetically altered cells or “genetically superior” cells, can allow for genetic selection of more desirable traits such as slim build, reduced genetic predisposition to cancer, etc.
1-2. 8 Oct. 1998. Available: http://hendrix.edu/profile/09.21.95/banned.html. * Staples, Suzzane. "What Johnny Can't Read-Censorship in American Libraries."
Many scientists do not feel what they are doing is wrong. The accuracy of eugenicist ideas was severely overrated. Although based on genetics, 21st century science and technology advances, we know that some gene mutations are associated with Down syndrome and Cystic Fibrosis. Human genetic engineering is just the best way to term “modern eugenics.” Scientists have developed methods to change genes to make bodies better. Centuries later, eugenics has been masked by science to create the perfect society that has little to no faults.
Sure, there are downsides to cloning, and yes it can be dangerous if it is used for the wrong purposes. This is true with almost any new technology. From gunpowder to cars to airplanes to computers to the Internet; any one of these technologies can be harnessed for negative purposes. Despite the risks involved however, all of these technologies have improved our standard of living and quality of life, and I feel cloning will do the same. Wesley J. Smith goes on and on about how eugenicists would want to create homogeneity among Humans, valuing traits such as intelligence and looks instead of love, compassion, and empathy.
Before this, scientists had thought that these cells had lost their ability to grow into a new embryo. They had already cloned embryos, but this revelation meant that a clone could be produced from an adult subject. At first, one would think that little benefit could be derived from such a discovery, beyond the novelty of being able to make an exact copy of one's self, but scientists soon theorized many benefits that could result from such a procedure. A more hom ogeneous control group for use in science experiments involving animals would be an obvious example. A completely similar group of animals is extremely difficult if not impossible to accomplish without the use of cloning.
His thought was based on the belief that there are different groups of people sorted into races, each with specific characteristics. This also stems from the idea that each group of people has to expand their group and eliminate other groups in order to survive. Adolf Hitler had brainwashed his country into thinking like he did, sure of himself that he had discovered the code to understanding our very complex world. Hitler had seen himself as a benefit to humanity. As a result, he felt that the world would have been grateful to him in future years for lifting the human race to a genetically higher evolution by selective breeding of the Aryan race, breeding out Jewish people.
In today’s society, there are several different views of cloning, both of negative side effects and of positive side effects. Cloning can offer a new beneficial way to help improve lifespan by replicating an organism or organ, however cloning should not be used in the world today due to the abundance of harmful consequences of the procedure. Cloning all started in the early 1900s when Hans Spemann experimented with nuclear transfer (Harvard). This provided the world with the first steps into cloning. From then on, cloning has been an up and coming popular, however highly controversial topic.
Is Human Cloning Ethical? The idea of human cloning may sound preposterous to a lot of people, but it can actually happen. The thought of human cloning in itself actually happening was introduced when the first sheep ever cloned, “Dolly” was created. On July 5, 1996 the idea of cloning a human was forever changed when Dolly was made, and probably had many doubters about cloning thinking otherwise. Animal cloning was a huge step into the door for cloning to even happen.