One type led by researchers at the Human Genome Project entails the copying of genes and parts of chromosomes in order to get enough identical genetic material to do further research, which they believe could help prevent human diseases in the future (Cloning fact sheet). Another type of cloning is called Blastomere separation, also known as twinning. In this case they split an egg (embryo), soon after it has been fertilized which results in two or more embryos, twins, containing the same exact DNA from both parents (Cloning fact sheet). However, Dolly, was cloned from only one parent. To do this, scientists must take an egg, empty out its genetic material, and replace it with genetic material from another animal by means of somatic cell nuclear transfer (Cloning fact sheet).
For instance, reproductive cloning is mainly used to create clones of an entire animal. It is achieved by removing a mature somatic cell from the animal that they want to clone. The nucleus of somatic cell is placed into an egg that has already had its nucleus removed. While still in a test tube, the egg is stimulated until it becomes an embryo which can then be implanted into female animal... ... middle of paper ... ...n but it is killed when stem cells are removed. They raise the question, “Why should life be taken to save another”?
In the future, this genetic mutation may save the lives of countless people that are if we can use animals to grow human organs in. The possibilities for this process have no boundaries. Like anything else that is new, the cloning process can be used for wrongful purposes. For instance, when a species is too much alike, the possibility of a single disease wiping it out is very high. Overlook the disease and you bread weak animals.
However, therapeutic cloning is n... ... middle of paper ... ...turally. Although, many researchers would advise that clones not be consumed until further studies are done, clones are 100% safe to consume. In conclusion, cloning offers many benefits to us in the future of the food supply. Although it is considered unethical by some religious groups who believe that god created everything, researchers have proven that it is safe to clone animals and that it is 100% safe to consume them and their offspring. Works Cited "Cloning."
Cloning is the process of extracting the DNA out of a donor’s cell and implanting this genetic code in another cell in order to grow a being with identical genes, thus virtually duplicating the donor. The term clone refers to the new being that has identical genes to the donor. There are three types of cloning, when the media reports on cloning they are generally referring to reproductive cloning. There is also recombinant DNA Technology, and therapeutic cloning (McGee, Human Cloning Debate). Reproductive cloning is a technology used to generate an animal that has the same nuclear DNA as another.
On one side ,we are happy that the cloning technology is developing fast. But on the othert side ,there are also a large number of scientists and Thus, at my perspective, it is acceptable to clone botany, however, it is illegal and dangerous to clone human beings and animals. How to clone an mammal? First, scientists will isolate a somatic cell from an adult female sheep. Then, the nucleus which contains almost all the DNA of the cell will be removed.
Usually scientists introduce the disease to the animals for testing. However, giving the animals the disease requires a lot of trial and error. Cloning could significantly diminish the time needed to create these animal models and the outcome would be a community of genetically identical animals. In addition, scientist can use cloning to make stem cells. Stem cells are the building blocks of the body that maintain and repair the body throughout ones life.
The embryo was then transplanted into the womb of a surrogate mother to grow. The original aim of Dr Wilmut's nuclear transfer work was to find better ways to make genetic modifications in animals, by growing live animals from cell culture. It is very possible that cloning was only a side effect of the investigation and not what was supposed to be the center of this research project. But the ability to clone opens up a range of questions of its own. We can already do it to a limited degree by splitting embryos, without ethical concerns.
The scientist then take a somatic cell, any cell except for a sperm or egg, and then removes the nucleus from this too. Moreover, when preparing for human application, the somatic cell is taken from a patient that needs a stem cell transplant and who has poor health conditions or diseases. The nucleus from this cell is then placed into the previous eggs cell. Basically, this is a process of substitution. “Stem cells have the potential to develop into any kind o... ... middle of paper ... ...versity is bound to decrease.”(“Disadvantages of plant…”) Animals have created a fairly populated amount of controversy agriculturally.
“They then transfer the DNA of the donor animal’s somatic cells into an egg cell or oocyte it has its own DNA containing nucleus removed. With other animals the main experiment conducted in order to clone is splitting embryos in test tubes. Then they implant the results in embryos into the wombs of the adult animal” (“Cloning Fact Sheet”). For many years the controversy of human cloning still seems to... ... middle of paper ... ...tionship between stem cells and cancer cells needs to be more clearly understood if stem cells are to be used to treat human disease (“Cloning Fact Sheet”). There can be a huge advantage for using cloning.