Climate Change: The Negative Effects Of The Climate System

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Climate refers to the weather conditions that occur and prevail in particular regions over an extended period of time. Climate change is the change in the properties of the climate system, referring to significant changes in its mean state, and in its variability and extremes (VijayaVenkataRaman S, Iniyan S, Goic R, 2012). Changes in climate can occur naturally due to internal and external processes, or can occur due to anthropogenic changes in the composition of the atmosphere and anthropogenic changes associated with land-use (VijayaVenkataRaman S, Iniyan S, Goic R, 2012). The increasing change of the climate system can have many adverse effects, including: the rise of sea level, caused by the melting of ice sheets and glaciers and the expansion of water volume (due to a rise in average global temperature), the acidification of the oceans due to ongoing equilibrium reactions with CO2 in…show more content…
The goal of climate mitigation is to reduce or stop (significant) human interaction with the climate system, and to stabilize greenhouse gas levels in a timeframe that would allow ‘natural’ ecological adaptation - and mitigate while maintaining sustainable economic growth and a viable food production model (Global climate change and global warming adaptation and mitigation, 2016; Warming, 2016). Mitigation options are available in all major sectors and can be very cost-effective if implemented suitably. To clarify, effective implementation would require an integrated approach that would combine measures to reduce overall energy use, decarbonise energy production, to reduce overall emissions and to enhance and create more carbon skins in land-based sectors (IPCC,
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