Climate Change And Global Warming

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The term global warming was first coined by Wallace Broecker in 1975 in a scientific paper, with an intergovernmental panel being formed in 1988 to assess the evidence to support the existence of climate change and global warming. Climate change is one of the greatest and most overlooked threats facing the modern world, with a leading cause being large amounts of pollution sending large amounts of man-made ‘greenhouse gases’ into the atmosphere and ozone. These greenhouse gases ‘insulate’ the planet, by absorbing the infrared energy caused by lighting caused by light reflecting back off the Earth’s surface, after previously being allowed through as visible and ultraviolet light . Despite the size of the threat, many states seem reluctant to commit to programmes that aim to reduce the global footprint that is so damaging to the environment. The threat is that of the rising temperature within the atmosphere; a rise of between 3.5 to 7.5 degrees Celsius is predicted over the next 100 years by the American meteorological society, and they state the dangers and clear causes: “There is unequivocal evidence that Earth’s lower atmosphere, ocean, and land surface are warming; sea level is rising; and snow cover, mountain glaciers, and Arctic sea ice are shrinking. The dominant cause of the warming since the 1950s is human activities ”. In agreement with this idea, the IPCC’s working group report 2 predicts “a 1 meter sea level rise” by 2100, leading to “erosion of the coastline, increase the salinity of estuaries and increase the tidal range in river mouths and inlets[…] leading to the loss of large areas of productive land, contamination of freshwater sources and the displacement of millions of people from floor prone areas” . While ther... ... middle of paper ... ...for fossil fuels, nuclear power, safer to the point where it can be used on a mass scale as it would provide “an inexhaustible supply of energy, without pollution or global warming” as claimed by renowned scientist Stephen Hawking. There is also a concerted international effort for a governance on all things to do with the issue of global warming, showing how it is gradually becoming a main issue between the world powers and not just an idle threat. This shows that progress is not slowing down on climate change, and the movement is always growing momentum, constantly being bought to the forefront of influential actor’s minds. If these steps are not taken then the effects of climate change could soon become a stark reality, which States, NGO’s and any other actors cannot control- this is the only time where there can be a positive impact on the future of the planet

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