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Climate Change And Fossil Fuels Essay

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Climate Change and Fossil Fuels
Climate change refers to the statistical changes in weather pattern distribution over an extended period. It also refers to the average weather condition changes. In addition, climate change may refer to average conditions over long-term periods in varied time intervals. These changes are mainly caused by solar radiation on the earth’s surface, volcanic eruptions, biotic processes and plate tectonics. Specifically, human activities largely contribute towards climatic changes. Besides, these changes are also referred to as global warming. Scientists have often observed climate changes to understand the future and past changes through theoretical models. They have also assembled evidences from different arenas.
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Substances such as dead organisms and anaerobic decomposition produce fuel. Fossil fuels have high levels of carbon, coal, natural gas, and petroleum. These fuels range from volatile to non-volatile materials. The volatile materials include methane and petroleum, and have low hydrogen and carbon contents. In contrast, non-volatile materials have pure carbon such as methane clathrates and anthracite coal. Furthermore, fossil fuels are renewable because they are constantly formed through decomposition of dead animals and plants. It is a natural process that happens beneath sediments. However, it is notable that fossil fuels are non-renewable because most of the fuels release carbon gas into the atmosphere. As a result, the world experiences global warming due to the greenhouse effect resulting from carbon II oxide. Notably, human activities such as industrialization and burning of fuels have also contributed towards global warming. In turn, climate changes have had adverse effects on human health and the environment. However, there are measures that individuals across the world can take to reduce or put an end to climatic changes. In any case, climate change is the change average climate variation as fossil fuels…show more content…
The activities result to cloudiness, greenhouse gases and aerosols’ increase in the atmosphere. However, fossil fuels are the largest contributors of carbon II oxide gas. In turn, aerosols and greenhouse gases alter solar radiation income and out-going thermal radiation on the earth’s surface (Hughes 66). In this case, this leads to cooling or warming of the climate. Historically, climatic changes resulted from the birth of industrialization. Most industrial activities caused atmospheric pollution. The concentration increased with time as industrial activities intensified. In addition, increases in transportation, cement manufacturing, heating and cooling of buildings are human activities that foster increase in climatic change. The mentioned activities use fossil fuel, which eventually releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Another contributor is deforestation. On several occasions, trees or plantations take up carbon II oxide and decrease the uptake of the gas. Simultaneously, decaying of the cut plantations releases carbon II oxide. On the other hand, deforestation reduces the amount of carbon II oxide uptake due to the elimination of trees. Identically, methane gas has also increased in the atmosphere. It is mainly produced through human activities that are related to landfills, agriculture and natural gas distribution (Hansen and Makiko 23). In contrast to the other greenhouse gases, methane is
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