Classification Of The Skeletal System

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The human body is structured by the skeletal system which includes over 200 bones that help protect vital organs. There are five classifications of bones which are long bone, short bone, flat bone, sesamoid bone, and irregular bone, and each bone is classified within one of the categories by their gross anatomical features (Allen and Harper 2014). A bone is classified as long when the length of the bone is longer than the width like the femur bone is. Short bones are classified by having the same measurement of length and width and are what make up the tarsals and carpals. Sesamoid bones are small bones that are found in tendons located in the patella and flat bones are flat, of course, and may be curved slightly like the ribs are. Lastly,…show more content…
When bones start to lose their mass which mostly occurs in elders and woman who have gone through menopause, the human body begins to develop osteoporosis (MC 2015). Osteoporosis is when the bones deteriorate and become very brittle that a simple fall can fracture the bones. Symptoms of osteoporosis include: back pain, loss of height, unusual posture, and bones starting to break easily. If the body does develop osteoporosis, it can be life changing and have a negative impact on everyday life. If the hip is fractured by a fall it can produce a disability which can make it hard to find a job, or it can even cause death. In the most extreme cases, the bones don’t even have to break to transformation ones’ life negatively. If the bones become brittle enough that they can compress…show more content…
Young children who live in low lit locations have a great risk of developing rickets. Rickets is the softening of bones, causing skeletal deformities and usually occurs when there is a vitamin D deficiency in the body (MC 2015). The skeletal system needs vitamin D to help the bones absorb calcium and keep them strong. Vitamin D can be found in dairies like milk, eggs and breakfast cereals and most importantly, vitamin D can also be produced by UV rays which are only given off by the sun. If the body is not exposed to sunlight like people who live in northern latitudes, the body has a hard time producing its own vitamin D and leads to the softening of bones. People can prevent rickets by avoiding sunscreen if they live in places where there is little to no sunshine and embracing the sun when it is out. If they do not embrace the sun, the body ends up having trouble producing its own vitamin D affects the body by failure of growth, skeletal deformities, and an unusual curved spine. Luckily, rickets can be easily treated with vitamin D supplement, but it is best to avoid it overall due to the fact that taking vitamin D and calcium supplements can lead to having too much of it which is just as
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