In this research paper I will summarize three important theories of criminality. In criminology, examining why people commit crime is very important, but there is always a debate in how crime should be handled and prevented. The biological theory, focusses on the study of social behavior and structures. The sociological theory, evaluates crime as a social problem, and not as an individual problem. And psychological theory suggest that behavior of crime is the result of individual’s differences in thinking process.
Psychological theories in criminology have also determined a given level of perception developed by the society states Durrant and Ward (2012). Biological theories that have been developed in the society which explain the causes of crime focus their idea on the composition of the human body. The physical body, evolutionary factors, inherited genes, brain structures and hormones influences the ability of individuals to engage in criminal activities. It means that there are certain biological compositions that when an individual has them, they cannot resist committin... ... middle of paper ... ...e has been a search for biological markers which differentiate such individuals from the rest of the society. Biological theories can be divided into two categories which include the early biological theories and modern biological theories (Archer 2009).
Criminology is the study of why individuals engage or commit crimes and the reasons as to why they behave in certain ways in different situations (Hagan, 2010). Through understanding the reasons or why an individual commits a crime, one can come up with ways to prevent and control crime or rehabilitate criminals. There exist a large number of criminology theories, some link crime to an individual or person; they believe a person weighs the cons and pros and makes a conscious decision on whether to commit or not commit a felony. Others see the society as having a duty to make sure that its members do not engage in criminal acts by providing a secure and safe living place. Some claim that some people have hidden or dormant characteristics that determine their reaction or behavior when confronted or put in particular negative conditions (Akers & Sellers, 2012).
The groundwork of how the criminal justice system is laid today, despite some major tweaks and changes along the way, still has remnants of the classical school of criminology. With people having free will, an attraction to crime, the ability to possibly lower crime through fear of reprimand or punishment, and knowing that crime must be severe, certain, and swift, the components of the classical school of criminology are very helpful and powerful (Siegel, 2011, p. 9, para. 1). Specific deterrence is a great tool to use to show the criminal just how severe a punishment can be (Siegel, 2011, p. 100, para. 1).
Criminology is the study of crime and criminals; a branch of sociology. More accurately, it is the study of crime as a social trend, and its overall origins, its many manifestations and its impact upon society as a whole. That makes it more a form of sociology than a law enforcement tool. But the trends it studies have a huge impact on the way the police do their jobs, the way society treats its criminals, and the way a given community goes about maintaining law and order. The writer will describe and give examples of the three perspectives of viewing crimes.
Deviant Crime Associations to Schizophrenia and Anti-Social Behaviors The two most important fields of science that bind and give structure to the fabric of society is the nature of dissociative disorders such as schizophrenia and the associations to deviant criminal behavior. These fields are very intrinsically tied together to our criminal justice system and our social structure. The application of law within our legal system and the evaluation of a criminal's 'state of mind' are blended to provide safety for society. Determining the form of psychotherapy needed as a form of social rehabilitation is complex. Society needs deterrents for violent forms of crime associated with dissociative disorders but it requires a greater understanding of the functions of the brain.
Relation and Distinction Between Criminal Men Alongside Delinquency/Subcultures Theories of crime are developed to seek an explanation of crime and criminal behavior. Jurisprudence, sociology psychology and biology are areas of studies where majority of these theories are derived from. An essential point in the study of crime is to begin with a simple foundation, learning about criminals themselves (Lombroso-Ferrero XXII). With a basis as such, it then makes it more understanding for one to theorize about delinquency and opportunity. Criminal Man According to the Classification of Cesare Lombroso written by Gina Lombroso-Ferrero speaks about the criminal world along with the different types of criminals.
The theory of free will is largely seen in the classical period of criminology which started in the 18th century, which was used by Beccaria. Whereas the opposite theory was of treatment of criminals (biological theory) which was used by Lombroso in the 19th century. The two different theories resulted in a clash of views and saw the need for the nurture versus nature argument in criminology as rehabilitation focused on the idea that criminals were responsible for their crimes as they had choice of free will whilst treatment focused on the idea that criminals were born of criminal nature and therefore were biologically prone to commit crimes which they would need medical treatment in order to keep their instincts
Crime is whatever the rich say crime is since they generally make the laws. The second perspective that is taken into account when explaining the correlation between society and crime is the conflict view. Unlike the consensus view, the conflict interpretation of crime is, “the reflection of power relationships in society and serves the interest of those in control” (Winfree & Abadinsky, 2010, pg5). The diverse groups in society are in competition with one another for power and high position in society in order to create the definition crime. Within the so... ... middle of paper ... ...e/2007/04/22/AR200704 Van Gelder, J.
This paper describe about different types of control theories and the application of control theory in real world context. Social control theory is based on philosophical principles that individuals automatically would commit crime if they left alone with situation. In other words, we, all are born with criminal characteristics and learn to follow laws as we grow in society. Many sociologist and criminologist have suggested that acceptance of social norms and beliefs are a vital evidence of someone is a reputed member in society or a criminal. Control theories not only use to evaluate delinquent behavior of the juvenile populations, but also adult populations.