Classical Management Theory

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TASK 1 Q1.1 Ans.1: Classical Theory: The classical perspective emphasizes managing work and the need to run organizations productively. The perspective is called classical because it includes the first works and contributions that comprise the core of advanced management theory. There are three types of management in classical theory Scientific management, Administrative management and Bureaucratic management. Scientific management: • Scientific Management, likewise called Taylorism, is a theory of management that examines and incorporates work processes. Its fundamental goal is enhancing economic effectiveness, particularly work profitability. It was one of the most punctual endeavours to apply science to the building of procedures and…show more content…
• Allocate tasks/responsibilities between supervisor and employees, by that supervisor spend their time for planning and training, allowing the employees to perform their duties efficiently. • As the method of this management employees are responsible for performing given task and responsibilities. Administrative management: • Administrative management theory endeavours to locate a level headed approach to outline an organisation all in all. The theory for the most part requires a formalized managerial structure, a reasonable division of work, and assignment of force and power to overseers pertinent to their task and duties. FAYOL’s general principals of this theory are • Division of work: Work specialization can bring about efficiencies and applies to both administrative and technical functions. Yet there are restrictions to the amount of that work should be divided between all workers. • Authority: Authority is the privilege to give orders and energy to correct compliance. It originates from the formal authority of the workplace and individual authority in view of variables like insight and experience. With authority comes…show more content…
• Theory X assumption thy employees do not like work, employees are lazy, they avoid their responsibilities, and they must be concerned to perform given task or their duties, • While Theory Y is saying that the assumption that employees like to work, they are creative, they always look for the responsibilities, and they can work for the given task their self. The Behavioral Science: It approach uses scientific research to develop theories of human behavior in organizations. This approach draws from many disciplines, such as management, psychology, sociology, anthropology and economics. • The Aim of this theory is all the concepts which needs to be performed should be tested in companies or organization before being offered to the managers or supervisors. • The ultimate aim is to develop knowledge or capability that guide managers or supervisors tasks of different and critical situation and help them choose the best action needs to be taken. Given complexity of humans and their interactions, the challenge is to understand organizations and their members. Quantitative
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