Classical Conditioning And Operant Conditioning

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Operant conditioning plays a large role in our everyday life. Throughout the history of time people has been using this same technique in order to function in every day society. Some people may use this to their advantage and others as a disadvantage. This type of conditioning can be used in a positive or negative way.
Some of the early leaders in this field of study where people such as B.F. Skinner and Edward Thorndike. These two gentleman played a major role in the concept of operant conditioning, such as preforming experiments of positive and negative behavior and instrumental behavior. These experiments may involve rats pressing a button in order to get food. According to (Dragoi and Staddon, 1999, P.4), operant behavior is influenced by situations that happened in the past.
Operant behavior basically studies how something reacts when given something or has something taken away and its reflex through adaption. (Iverson, 1992, P.1). Also another major study was experienced through Edward Thorndike’s (Problem box). Edward Thorndike made a box of obstacles for a cat to get in the box and try to escape by pressing a simple lever. (Iverson, 1992, P.1). Skinner studied this experiment and decided to come up with his own experiment through rats. Skinner took a different path than Thorndike did with his experiment. Skinner was mainly interested in how the rat behaved to finding food. Thorndike based his study on the object that was being experimented on and if it could escape by accomplishing the same task by learning to do it over and over again. Skinner on the other hand wanted to know what level of difficulty the rat would go through to get food. (Iverson, 1992, P.1).

Operant condition has been seen for a long pe...

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...r to get food the pig would have to climb the stairs, go through a cage, and slide down a slide in order to ring a bell and get fed a certain amount of food rewarded to him. This type of operant conditioning was positive reinforcement. Because each time the pig would go through its obstacles the pig would receive more food in return for its good behavior.
Operant conditioning is an act of discipline and is constantly preformed every day. Weather it may be performed on animals, or humans the history of operant condition and its experiments allowed future psychologist to push forward with new study’s and discover new things. People behave in all different manners, but they learn from what they see and feel. Some may react better to punishment, some act well by being rewarded. As long as these procedures are constantly reinforced the subject will retain knowledge.

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