It provides a context for why buildings like the Supreme Court look the way they do. To take that as an example, the Supreme court is the highest court in the United States; therefore, it would make sense to have it be a very distinguishable building as if to say visually that the building is important. Perhaps one reason why the classical style is chosen to represent this is because Rome and Greece are seen as the birthplace of western culture. The democracy which is practiced today is a version of what Rome used during the time of the republic. So, to demonstrate that the United States is as strong as Rome was by emulating the columnar faces of Greek and Roman temples, it provides a visual
I believe the Greek architects with its development came into existence before Roman civilization. Therefore, the Roman civilization took some features from Greek architecture when they started building. Greek architects provided some of the best and most typical buildings in the Ancient World. Some of their constructions, such as temples, theatres, and stadia, would become primary features of towns and municipalities from ancient times forward. In addition, the Greek was alarmed with simplicity, quantity, perception, and synchronization in their buildings that would go on to significantly impacting architects in the Roman world.
Greek Architecture: History and Mechanics Throughout history, there have been several significant architectural movements. The last, and perhaps most enduring movement is that of Classic Greece. Although for centuries, the architecture of ancient Greece has been admired, mimicked, and replicated, its beginnings are somewhat surprising to one unfamiliar with the history of the region. It is important to understand the history and mechanics of Classic Greek architecture in order to fully appreciate its form, function, and beauty. “Ancient Greek architects strove for the precision and excellence of workmanship that are the hallmarks of Greek art in general.
The Oval Office is a great example of this as its design was possible by the Roman’s design of the Pantheon (Oval Office) (Pantheon. )The Pantheon also influenced the other side of the white house. With its semi circle shape and supporting columns around its outer edge its no surprise it too came from greco-roman architecture (White House A). The columns can be labeled as from the Ionic order by their capitals, similarly to the other side of the white house (White House A). There are more major government buildings that use the formulas of the Greeks and
Have you ever seen or visited the Capital building, Washington or amphitheater of Arlinton, Virginia or Cabin John bridge of Washington aqueduct? If an answer is yes, then have you ever think that how we come up with this type of buildings? These all buildings’ basic structures are based on the Greek and Roman cultures’ architecture. Historical records of Western culture in Europe begin with Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Roman culture was very inspired from the Greece culture and they had used very basic ideas to build buildings and temples, to portrait sculpture.
Ancient Roman Architecture The ancient Romans are famous for many things. One thing is their adaptation and development of architecture. From the Etruscans and early tribes the Romans found most of their basic architectural skills. From the Greeks some components of Roman architecture were adapted. Which gives some early Roman architecture some characteristics of oriental architecture because of Greek contact with the Orient.
The ancient Roman Culture created art that was set on cultural value, religious beliefs, as well as technological achievements. He stated, “Roman art is art that brings diverse elements together to produce something entirely new, with a powerful message-bearing potential, which led to Rome’s extraordinary successful expansion.” Roman did not believe, as we do today, that to have a copy of an artwork was any less that to have the original. It is also true that many Romans duplicated versions of famous Greek works from earlier centuries; this is why we often have marble versions of lost Greek Bronzes such as the Doryphoros by Polykleitos. An example Caesar used was Augustus of Primaporta from the Imperial Roman time period. This life sized marble sculpture-in-the-round was possibly a Roman copy of a statue from the Greeks.
The building, especially the dome is architecturally revolutionary in regard to the time period. The fact that is still standing shows the romans skill and expertise in designing by creating an atmosphere that couldn’t possibly be constructed. This work of art is an indication for the type of culture and control that was taking place during the ages of the Roman Empire. The romans appreciate what the Empire has doing for its state. They recognize the cultural and societal value of conquering other regions .
The History of Greek Architecture The architecture of ancient Greece is represented by buildings in the sanctuaries and cities of mainland Greece, the Aegean islands, southern Italy and Sicily, and the Ionian coast of Turkey. Monumental Greek architecture began in the archaic period, flourished through the classical and Hellenistic periods, and saw the first of many revivals during the Roman Empire. The roots of Greek architecture lie in the tradition of local Bronze Age house and palaces. The following paper will cover the basic forms of Greek architecture. One of the many types of Greek building structures was Sacred Architecture.
New architectural forms, such as Roman temples, are not isolated inventions specific to a singular culture, but rather a unique combination of elements borrowed from the Etruscans and Greeks, shared through forms of information exchange, such as the unification of the Roman Empire. There are various forms of Roman temples, but many are defined by their axial orientation, stemming from Etruscan architecture and exemplified by the Temple of Mars Ultor in the Forum of Augustus. Augustus came into power during a time when Rome was extremely run down and corrupted. As a result, he began to transform Rome by cleaning up the city and rebuilding structures, ultimately changing the city to the grand center it came to be. Augustus did not invent the Roman temple by any means, but he drew attention to it by emphasizing the forum surrounding the temple.