Becoming a Gang Member: Youth Life and Gang Youth. Online Submission Regoli, R., Hewitt, J., DeLisi, M. (2011), The Essentials Delinquency in Society, Jones and Bartlett Publishers Sante, L. (1991). Low Life: Lures and Snares of Old New York. New York: Vintage Books. Schmidt, L. M., & O'Reilly, J. T. (2007).
Literature and firsthand interviews with Los Angeles residents seem to point to three significant periods relevant to the development of the contemporary black gangs. The first period, which followed WWII and significant black migrations from the South, is when the first major black clubs formed. After the Watts rebellion of 1965, the second period gave way to the civil rights period of Los Angeles where blacks, including those who where former club members who became politically active for the remainder of the 1960s. By the early 1970s black street gangs began to reemerge. By 1972, the Crips were firmly established and the Bloods were beginning to organize.
The Crip gangs were taking over Los Angeles and other non-crip gangs decided to form a coalition. The Crips were able to dominate and intimidate other gangs in the Los Angeles area because of their massive numbers through heavy recruitment. In a confrontation between a Crip and a member of the LA Brims, an LA Brims member was shot and killed. After another Crip member had a similar confrontation with one of the Piru Street Boys, an alliance was formed between several non-Crip gangs. The Crip – Blood rivalry grew in the mid 1970’s and it was and is one of the main catalysts in the increase of gangs, crime, and violence in Los Angeles.
Mobsters started running very illegal monopolies as a living and hiring common people to do their dirty work. This lead to some very serious gang related violence. Due to all of this occurring at the same time, it changed the way in which police forces were ran. Prohibition led to widespread organized crime in the 1920s and 1930s because it opened up an illegal monopoly for gangs, initiated gang related violence, and the change it the way police forces operated, forever changing America as a result. Big time Mobsters began setting up some big ideas for big business.
To be trapped is to feel taken over by a superior being. One could feel trapped inside themselves, or by someone else, sometimes it can mean physically, by someone or something. For the United States’ instance, we continuously, and progressively get trapped by the immense growing population of criminally involved groups known as gangs. Influencing much of what America is today, gangs have a tight hold on major cities such as New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago. They take responsibility for many robberies, fights, murders, and any type of violence in general.
During the 1980’s El Salvador faced many political and military issues between the elected government and anyone that supported social and economic reform. Fearing for their lives, many Salvadorian youth whom had collaborated with the rebel forces against the government, and were familiar with guns and military training, fled north to neighboring countries such as Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, United States, and some areas in Canada. Here in the United States the majority of the refugees landed in Los Angeles as illegal immigrants finding it difficult to adjust to the social and political environment of the City. With minimum education, illegal alien status and no work experience, many of these youth turned to gangs and criminal activity in order to survive but quickly found out that the gang hierarchy had already been esta... ... middle of paper ... ...ey can control this out of control epidemic, to keep our streets and borders safe. Works Cited Bruneau,C.,(2005, May).The Maras and national security in Central America.
Retrieved from http://www.policechiefmagazine.org/magazine/index.cfm?fuseaction=print_display&article_id=1859&issue_id=82009 The Economist explains: What “broken windows” policing is ... (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/2015/01/economist-explains-18 Maple, J., & Mitchell, C. (2000). The crime fighter: How you can make your community crime free. New York: Broadway Books Remick, D. THE CRIME BUSTER - The New Yorker. (n.d.).
, (1989). Crack in Spanish Harlem. Book. Retrieved from, https://bb.courses.maine.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-2658643-dt-content-rid-5599925_2/courses /1810.UMS06-S.69527./12624_P_111_ImportedContent_20100808115111/Course%20D ocuments/READINGS/CRACK%20IN%20SPANISH%20HARLEM/CRACK%20IN%2 0SPANISH%20HARLEM%20sbs300_10.pdf Sterk, C. , (2000). Tricking and Tripping: Fieldwork on Prostitution in the Era of AIDS.
“Juvenile justice and Injustice” New York, New York Margaret O. Hyde, 1977. Johnson, Jason B. “ Slain Teen’s family: Cops eyeing 7-10 suspects.” Boston Herald. 7 ,April 1995 Olney, Ross R. Up Against The Law. New York, New York: NAL Penguin Inc. 1985.
First it began with an ethnicity of Hispanic members, but throughout the years they included African Americans, Asians, Caucasians, and Native Americans. Another gang that was formed during the 1960’s is the Latin Kin... ... middle of paper ... ... Also, we can see that some gangs both wear and wore their shirts slightly or completely untucked as a sign of cool or toughness. It was very unusual and atypical to see a gang member wearing a sweater, they preferred to rock the leather jackets and baggy work pants. In the late 1960’s gang members would start wearing club or team sweaters according to their gang initials or affiliation. The racial/ethnic composition of gangs also appears to be changing.