Also, Marx observed that there is a great divide in the lifestyles of the upper class and the lower class, which leads oppression from the upper class directed to the lower classes.Therefore, Marx felt that our current capitalist system would surely fail and make way for a communist revolution. To summarize, Marx believed that the steps to attain this perfect society must follow start with a system filled with meaningless work, until a violent revolution is incited at the hands of the working class, and the revolution would end with the classes, both upper and working, working a system which harmonizes all workers. This ideal system Marx predicted is the basis of the ideal communist society, in which he labor of both people are equal. Many have sacrificed much for the sake of this ideal since the foundation of his philosophy, and a version of this revolution can be seen in the Fritz Lang silent film Metropolis. This groundbreaking 1927 silent film demonstrates a futuristic utopia with a great class divide, and how a great revolution seeks to destroy this gap and create a true metropolis.
Marx's goal was to eventually eliminate the two classes and that way everyone will be equal and there would be no class struggles. Marxism is an economic theory because when things in society are not equal we look at the essentials people have. In this case the bourgeoisie have everything and own all production and the proletariat work hard and own nothing, this creates conflict. The proletariat class is being oppressed and is looking for equality where they can move up in society and they start to question the state. It is a trickling effect that starts with the class struggle and moves up to the state and eventually creates a revolution.
Karl Marx - The Victory of the Proletariat and the Fall of the Bourgeoisie In the Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx writes of the proletariat working class on the verge of revolution due to the overwhelming oppression perpetrated by the bourgeoisie. Marx lays out a sequence of steps, which demonstrate the coming of the revolution, a revolution caused consequentially by the actions of the bourgeoisie. As the bourgeoisie constantly form new ways to revolutionize production, they invariably move toward a consequence wherein the working class discovers its oppression and turns to the only means of change possible, a complete revolution. Marx first discusses the necessity for the bourgeoisie to revolutionize instruments of production, an action necessary for the benefit of their own profit. The owners, who incessantly “resolve personal worth into exchange value,” (p. 828) attempt to derive new forms of production to minimize the “callous ‘cash payment’” owed to their workers in order to maximize the surplus of production.
Finally, he explains that the bourgeoisie need to continually change their way of leadership if they want to stay in power. The proletariats, in Marx’s opinion, go to great lengths as to how the modern laborers seem to be seen as part of the machinery and are only good for what labor they produce. Marx reveals that the proletariats are a unique class, and that they are connected by the miserable existence they share in common. He believes that they have nothing to lose, and that by being proletariats they have no powers or privileges to defend; rather, to help themselves they must destroy the entire class system. Because of this, when they have the revolution they destroy everything.
His works deals largely with contemporary social movements, whose inadequacies are outlines. Throughout the entire manifesto, the workers of the world are called to unite and throw off the oppression of bourgeois capitalist society, so that after the proletarian revolution, a new society based on equality, economic, social, and political could be built. Marx defines the solution to the capitalist system as the transformation of it to communism because of the class struggle. When industrialization occurred, the industrial goods needed to be produced in factories and this caused two different classes to emerge more clearly. The capital owners, known as the bourgeoisie ... ... middle of paper ... ...t was scientifically based in the objective study of history, which he saw as a continuous process of change and transformation.
This is exactly the idea that the serfs were fighting for during the European revolutions. Another one of Karl Marx’s works, Demands of the Communist Party in Germany, directly gave the middle class a need to reform. Communist ideals appealed to many of the working class in Eastern Europe, promising a dictatorship of the proletariat, and ending the rule of the bourgeoisie. The goal of many fighters for change was a pure democracy for the pro... ... middle of paper ... ...ourgeoisie which intended to hide any hints of an old, democratic system. Bourgeoisie in the current revolutions were not as transparent in their intentions.
Haywood’s unconventional methods and uncompromising stands frequently put him at odds with allies and opponents alike. And the Socialist Party of America led by Eugene Debs had potential to improve the lives of workers everywhere but do to internal conflicts was unable to truly make a difference. Had these three organizations been able to play off one another they may have been able to realize their ultimate goals. The AFL containing the skilled workers was the most powerful, the IWW took what the AFL did not want giving the unskilled worker a voice and the Socialist Party went in to politics, using political offices to gain power for the working class. Ultimately because of the different outlooks of these three groups the American labor movement, though it gained some ground, was a loss.
Marx’s ideals of communism were drawn from the realization that the cycle of revolutions caused by the class struggles throughout history lead society nowhere. Society as a whole was more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes that were directly facing each other—bourgeoisie and proletariat. According to Marx, in order for society to further itself a mass proletarian revolution would have to occur. The bourgeois, who were the employers and owners of the means of production, composed the majority of the modern capitalists. It was these individuals that controlled the capitalist society by exploiting the labor provided by the proletariats.
In the Communist Manifesto, by Karl Marx, it brings up the pressing issues against the bourgeois and the proletariats. One issue that brought up the cause of a revolution is how the bourgeois benefit more than the proletariat in labour, basically creating a working class. The proletariats want a society that has total and complete equality, no one higher and no one lower. The bourgeois have oppressed the working class to a type of class that is ultimately killing them slowly. The Communist Manifesto calls up a revolution from the ideas it portrays, and the ideology it displays.
Abolishing bourgeois modes of production undermines the continued existence of class hostility, and without class hostility, the proletariat will lose their own class character. The communist contribution to this ongoing revolutionary discussion will be the raising of the property question, for any revolutionary movement which does not address this question cannot successfully rescue people from oppression. Eventually the inventible will occur due to the proletariat lack of outcry and social protests. A revolution will be the undeniable consequence.