Clash Of Civilization

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“The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order” Samuel Huntington’s organized approach in his book The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, leads to his comprehensive analysis of a modern day war. He declares that global politics has been "reconfigured along cultural lines”. (Elliott) This is an extension of his original article called The Clash that was in the July, 1993, issue of Foreign Affairs. Huntington’s book has many different arguments, the one that stuck out the most to me is the argument that the end of the Cold War resulted in a change in the nature of world conflict, with post-Cold War conflicts being based more on culture, mostly defined by religion, than those that occurred during the Cold War. The main theme of the book is culture identities and culture itself. This theme of culture is shaping patterns of cohesion and is a conflict after the Cold War. Huntington divides it into seven civilizations. These include: Sinic, Western, Islamic, Orthodox, Japanese, Latin American, Hindu, and also offers that of African American. He explains this in the five parts of his book. In part one he goes on to explain that global politics is multicivilizational, that the modernization is distinct from the Westernization and is not producing a universal civilizational in any meaningful sense. Part two explains that of Balance of Power; He states that power is diminishing in the west, the Asian civilizations are expanding their military, economic, and political strength. The non-western civilizations are reaffirming the value of their culture. After the Cold War, Huntington reasons that culture replaced ideology (Huntington p.138) and the question turned from “Who’s side are you on?” to “What are yo... ... middle of paper ... ...ssumed clash of civilizations. Another obvious weakness is that Huntington is not able to devote attention to the strong influences of modernization that could be an effective solution to prevent the clash of civilizations. Instead, he sticks to his belief and conviction that modernization will bring nothing but make the situation worse. What I got most from Huntington’s book was his guidance to America to always stay in control and never make swift decisions. I agree with Huntington that America, being the superpower that it is, will play a key role in avoiding the global clash of civilizations. I think the key is for the present-day government to start fixing its impaired relations with Middle Eastern countries through peaceful negotiations to be able to show their genuineness in fixing the problems and achieving and maintaining overall peace all over the world.
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