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Clara Barton Research Paper

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Gabriel Brown Mr. Johnson November 27, 2016 History Clara Barton Clara Barton was born on December 25, 1821 and died on April 12, 1912, she was a pioneering nurse who founded the American Red Cross. She was a hospital nurse in the American Civil War, a teacher, and patent clerk. Barton is noteworthy for doing humanitarian work at a time when relatively few women worked outside the home. She had a relationship with John J. Elwell, but never married. North Oxford, Massachusetts. Barton's father was Captain Stephen Barton, a member of the local militia and a selectman. Barton's mother was Sarah Stone Barton. When she was ten years old, she assigned herself the task of nursing her brother David back to health after he fell from the roof…show more content…
After her country wide tour she was both mentally and physically exhausted and under doctor's orders to go somewhere that would take her far from her current work. She closed the Missing Soldiers Office in 1868 and traveled to Europe. In 1869, during her trip to Geneva, Switzerland, Barton was introduced to the Red Cross and Dr. Appia, who later would invite her to be the representative for the American branch of the Red Cross and even help her find financial beneficiaries for the start of the American Red Cross. She was also introduced to Henery Dunant's book A Memory of Solferino, which called for the formation of national societies to provide relief voluntarily on a neutral basis. When Barton returned to the United States, she inaugurated a movement to gain recognition for the Committee of the Red Cross by the United States government. In 1873, she began work on this project. In 1878, she met with President Rutherford B. Hayes, who expressed the opinion of most Americans at that time which was the U.S. would never again face a calamity like the Civil War. Barton finally succeeded during the administration of President Chester Auther, using the argument that the new American Red Cross could respond to crises other than war such as natural disasters like earthquakes, forest fires, and
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