Only 10-15% of Muslims in the Middle East are Shiites, those who support ibn Ali and are heavily concentrated in Iraq and Iran. During the 1979 Iranian Revolution and the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, tension grew between the two groups (Palk n.p.). Over the years, Sunni and Shiite Muslims have been at the center of political violence in Middle Eastern countries and will continue for years to come. Beginning in 1963, the Ba’ath Party gained control of the Syrian Arab Republic and established the NCRC led by President Amin al-Hafiz. The National Council of the Revolutionary Com... ... middle of paper ... ...itannica Online Academic Edition.
N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013. http://thenewamerican.com/usnews/foreign- policy/item/14904-u-s-involvement-in-syrian-war-becoming-more-apparent. "What’s in store for Syria’s revolution if the U.S gets involved?." The Firebrand Magazine.
06 Oct. 2013. < http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/History/Syria-history.htm > 8. Kramer, Martin. "Syria’s Alawis and Shi‘ism." MartinKramer.org.
In 1970, Hafez al-Assad, the defense minister and member of the Syrian Baath Party, overthrows the sitting president and took power in Syria. He arrested and imprisoned the president and the previous leader of an earlier coup, Salah Jadid. During his tenure, battles were fought with Israel and Lebanese forces and he fought off internal threats from the Muslim Brotherhood and dissenters to his power. It was from those groups that whispers of chemical warfare started to come to the surface. Human rights ... ... middle of paper ... ... 'red line' warning on chemical weapons.
31 Oct. 2013 CNN Library, “Syria Civil War Fast Facts” CNN, 31 Oct. 2013 Web. 1 Nov. 2013 Schindler, Sol. "The Syrian dilemma." American Diplomacy (2013). Academic OneFile.