Due to this worry of losing their “way of life” due to Lincoln’s victory in the election, the South decided to secede from the Union, which eventually lead to the Civil War. There was a complex set of factors that led up to the Civil War, the abolitionist movement was one of these, but was definitely not of most importance. Slavery was the main focus of this war, but the center was not the freedom of slavery. Many Americans had little interest in slavery, but cared about their way of life.
Other issues such as suffrage and representation in Congress became interrelated with the slavery issue (Edel 24-5). Small states wanted equal representation in Congress, so they would agree with other smaller states on representation issues, but then disagree with the northern states about slavery. This caused many disputes among the states and prolonged the process of finishing the Constitution, as well as coming up with a conclusion about the slavery issue. At the completion of the Convention, the delegates had voted to let slavery remain legal until they discussed it again in 1808. Due to the South's dependence on slaves and the popular belief that slavery is an issue that should be dealt with by each state individually, the slaves were not freed in 1787.
President Lincoln was much more concerned with keeping the Union together because once one state left it would lead to others and eventually the “United States of America” would become the “Sovereign States of America.” That’s not to say that slavery was not a huge player in the Civil War though. I feel the Confederacy felt they weren’t receiving the rights promised to them in the Constitution, but the specific right they were talking about is the right to own slaves. I find it all very ironic. The South secedes and demands equality and rights but has the complete opposite opinion when it comes to their slaves. Lincoln promises not to abolish slavery but what does he later do?
What many people don’t know is that the original intent of the Civil War was to preserve the Union. Many factors went into Lincoln’s decision to also address slavery through this war. For one, the number of men enlisting in the war was dwindling, and it became apparent that black manpower would be absolutely necessary to win the war. Also, the increasingly upset Radical Republicans and abolitionists let their opinions be known and persuaded the citizens of the North that the war could not be won without attacking the issue of slavery. Finally, Lincoln believed that transforming the dispute from a conflict to preserve the Union to a crusade against slavery would dissuade the threatening British and French from supporting the Confederacy.
This became a problem as congress bec... ... middle of paper ... ...lave states. The south did not want slavery to end as it was afraid of the consequences. The 1854 the north and south had such a huge gap between them politically that it would have been hard to bridge. With each having its own political party things had got to far to have been fixed easily. A number of presidents who had sided too much with one section had helped drive the sides apart.
They simply had not understood that the South truly believed they needed their slaves to accomplish all the work quotas on the plantation. By taking the "moral highroad", they were motivated by passion.... ... middle of paper ... ...n the North at Fort Sumter. Though they did seem to attempt to avoid war, the inevitability of it all was overwhelming. As their social beliefs on slavery were dramatically different, westward expansion was creating a rise in tension, and Spot's Resolution, the Wilmot Proviso, and Election of 1860 made the war inevitable. Both sides were passionate with their beliefs, creating a rough start to the situation.
The Republicans were anti-South but they were in not abolitionists. They believed that slavery was a flawed system that made the south ineffective and because the North's free labor system was superior it must be guarded from southerners. When the Republican candidate, Abraham Lincoln was elected in 1860, the South felt threatened, and because expansion was vital to the survival of slavery they also felt their way of life was being threatened. Because slavery was such an important part of Southern society, the South felt that they could not survive without it. That's why they were not willing to compromise with the north.
To Southerners this piece of the compromise was beneficial to them because they lost many slaves to the Underground Railroad. On the other hand though some Northerners disliked this stricter law and refused to enforce the law. Bostonian officials even went to the lengths of making posters warning slaves to watch out for police officers because they were instructed to capture them even though they didn’t want to enforce the stricter law (Document C). Also, they didn’t wan... ... middle of paper ... ...es of America in 1861. Jefferson Davis told his Confederate Congress that because of the flaws in the Constitution it would be unjust to stay in the Union and it was in South’s best interest to secede because amendments weren’t being made that would favor the growth of the South (Document H).
“This Lincoln always publicly condemned the abolitionists who fought slavery by extra constitutional means – and condemned also the mobs who deprived them of their right of free speech and free press.” (Holfstadter, Lincoln and the Self-Made Myth) Other than that, the North had the upper hand in nearly all aspects that really mattered in times of war. With this information it is clear that without Lincoln’s conservative political stands a “Quick War” would have been much more realistic. Either way, the North had won the Civil War before it began. While the North thought about attacking and invading, the South thought about defending and causing attrition. As the Civil War came underway the South’s military, smaller than the North’s, would take heavy blows from the decisions of the Confederacy.
The Republican party threatened the South's expansionism and therefore Southerners felt that they had no other choice but to secede. The Republican party had no intention of ending slavery in the South or freeing the slaves; they just did not want slavery to expand, "Because the scene of intestine struggle will thus be transferred from the south to the North." (N.Y Tribune 11/29/1860) The United States was divided into three groups by the time the Civil War began: those who believed in the complete abolition of slavery, those who were against the expansion of slavery, and those who were pro slavery. Many like to believe that the moral aspect of slavery is what made it an issue. When the Republican candidate, Abraham Lincoln, was elected in 1860, the South felt that its expansionism was being threatened, and because expansion was vital to the